windows 10 multi session on premise

It’s when you try to split the front end from the back end on some apps that problems occur. Prior to WVD, this was only possible with the Windows Server operating system. The world wanted more info and the IT community was clamoring for any morsel of knowledge to help plan where their EUC environments were going. Some of my fellow CTPs have excellent articles and tools that will help you with FSLogix availability, profile size, and profile compaction tools here: MSIX is a Windows app package container format that borrows from all the benefits over the years of MSI, .appx, App-V, and ClickOnce. On-Premises Active Directory. Microsoft has an excellent matrix here comparing Azure Files, Azure NetApp Files, and Storage Spaces Direct here: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-desktop/store-fslogix-profile. Provide the familiarity and compatibility of the Windows 10 with the new scalable multi-session experience for your end users and save cost by using the same Windows licenses. If you move the desktops to Azure, you still need Azure ExpressRoute or site-to-site VPN to your on-prem datacenter if the backend is there. One of the fears I keep hearing from people is “Will I still have a job?” when parts of what is usually administered by them on servers they have built by hand is now a service running in the cloud. The solutions really complement each other in this way. The current WVD ARM template installs the agent and boot loader. Perhaps in the future, that may change, but for now, it has to be Azure Stack Hub. The key is there is no cost for this service. Apologies if these questions are basic but u am new to this WVD/VDI technology. @Andy, thank you. We even began to move beyond the Windows Server OS and use Windows Desktop OS starting with Windows XP to deliver one-to-one virtual desktops with some of these solutions. For more information about Windows … If you try to install software on Windows 10 multi-session, it will report a ProductType value of 3 back to the software installer. This is your magic bullet to eliminate all the problem apps in your environment and hopefully save your sanity. For workloads, RDmi was designed to allow you to utilize Server OS as with RDS, but also add the capability to deliver one-to-one virtual desktops with Windows 10 OS. I did try to access the scaling script in the article, just to let you know the link has since expired and it gets a 404. It must be on Azure Stack Hub at this time. 5. Get anywhere anytime access from any device. But we did it for 20+ years for the sake of density, cost savings, and protecting our apps and data by keeping them contained to the datacenter. Microsoft and every other software vendor on the planet has been in the process of delivering cloud-based PaaS (platform-as-a-service) offerings to the enterprise in a subscription form. Microsoft Ignite 2017 had just taken place in October and Remote Desktop modern infrastructure (RDmi) was finally presented in more depth at the conference after having been announced earlier in the year. Would that be the short conclusion as it looks today? Who knows what the future holds but I’ll be sure to type up a guide as soon as we see features released here over time. At Microsoft Ignite 2019, it was one of the top of mind items for many attendees. Developed as a service on Azure, VMware Horizon Cloud on Microsoft Azurehas been helping customers deploy virtual desktop environments for nearly three years. These containers can be stored using the same storage infrastructure you choose for FSLogix Profile and O365 Containers. 🙂 Love those leaves! This means you don’t need to publish the entire desktop of the OS to the user. Once that’s fixed I’m sure Azure AD B2B is not far away. The Azure gallery has several releases, including Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session, version 1809, and Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session, version 1903. Some apps are chatty and need their database close by. There are WVD features seemingly coming out every few weeks. If you are running Azure Stack HCI, then you more than likely have good connectivity to Azure itself so Microsoft wants you to run Windows 10 multi-session in Azure itself. Specifically, you will want to focus on the NV series VMs for your session hosts and what is available is dependent on the regions you are deploying the VMs in as well as what’s enabled on the subscription you have chosen during WVD host pool provisioning: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/sizes-gpu. A server operating system was never intended to have end-users on them. @Mikael Jones, yup you got it, that is accurate today. The components of WVD that you simply use and don’t ever manage or have to worry about are: You can use the WVD Control Plane to manage workloads from the following OS types: Yes, Windows 7 went end of extended support in Jan 2020, however, Microsoft is giving you an opportunity to move Windows 7 legacy apps into Azure temporarily as you figure out how to migrate them to Windows 10. In addition, because Windows 10 i… Now you select the image for the VM. Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session is in the Azure gallery. You can start a virtual machine (VM) in Azure with Windows 10 Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session and customize it by installing LOB applications, sysprep/generalize, and then create an image using the Azure portal. For workloads that … The AMD ones (NVv4 series) are only available in Preview right now in South Central US and West Europe but I’m sure will quickly expand to other regions as it gets closer to general availability. Anyone can build a VM but in the cloud, everything is about scale and automation or you are doing it wrong. Only Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session or the regular one-to-one Windows 10 should be used for EUC needs. You know, the ones that the app owner says are not compatible with new OSes and says “don’t touch anything” whenever you bring them up in discussion. Microsoft WVD supports a wide variety of clients on your users’ endpoints very much like we’ve been using in the Citrix and VMware world for years. Since WVD is using the RDP protocol, the same human interface device peripherals and USB redirection as you have used with the Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) client applies with the WVD Desktop client: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server/remote/remote-desktop-services/clients/remote-desktop-app-compare#redirection-support. This configuration means that when your system deletes your user profile after you sign out, it also removes any apps you installed during your session. I’m sure there will be more data points and telemetry coming to help you plan your deployments. How many interactive sessions that can be active at the same time relies on your system's hardware resources (vCPU, memory, disk, and vGPU), how your users use their apps while signed in to a session, and how heavy your system's workload is. For accessing Server OS (Windows Server 2012 R2 and newer desktops and apps) via WVD, you will still need RDS CALs with active Software Assurance (SA). The whole world is moving in the direction of … Remember Windows NT Server 4.0 Terminal Server Edition released back in 1998? It's against the licensing agreement to run Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session outside of Azure for production purposes. For users accessing the Windows 10 and Windows 7 desktops and apps, there’s no additional cost if you’re an existing Microsoft 365 F1/E3/E5, Windows 10 Enterprise E3/E5, or Windows VDA customer. I am hoping in time we will see the Windows core engineering team add a credential provider for both Windows desktop and server OSes where the needs of SSO over a remoting protocol is considered. GPU optimized VMs are supported with Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 onward. Scheduling VMs to start and stop based on Peak and Off-Peak business hours. Those days are gone for many organizations as they embrace cloud-based services. So don’t worry, your job is not going anywhere. Your admin or profile solution configured your system to delete user profiles when users sign out. This can be accomplished by logging into https://portal.azure.com/ and click “Create a resource” in the left-hand navigation. In fact, because the MSIX app attach .vhd is read-only, it will utilize the FSLogix Profile Container .vhd to store application state which means app state can roam between VM sessions as well. This is a limitation of the Windows OS, it does not understand OIDC (web authentication) natively and needs something in the middle to translate this authentication into something Windows understands and can use for SSO (certificate). Then search the Azure Marketplace for “Windows Virtual Desktop” and click on the result which will give you a screen like this. You accomplish this by creating a RemoteApp application group for the WVD host pool. In the end Azure is just somebody elses data center. So if you have Azure Stack HCI, you cannot run Windows 10 multi-session on it. You can go to the registry adn navigate to “Computer\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Virtual Machine\Auto” to examine this value: If you go to the registry and navigate to “Computer\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion”, you will notice for EditionID it says “ServerRdsh” further showing its intended purpose for density: Also, note that Server OS for end-users is considered legacy now by Microsoft. There are 3 options for Azure Stack: Azure Stack Edge, Azure Stack HCI, and Azure Stack Hub. It will have Office 365 ProPlus already installed and optimized in the image. Windows 10 brings a release cadence that includes improvements in security, performance, and fixes that only come on the latest release. Likewise, if you attempt to install the Citrix VDA and it detects it’s not in Azure, it will also throw an error message. MSIX can be used for both physical and virtual endpoints. Microsoft Azure itself consists of 56 regions around the globe officially at the time of writing with more planned to come online this year. The WVD team and Office team worked together to make this image so everything is going to work very well with this image. Windows Virtual Desktop users can use FSLogix at no additional cost. And this is a big deal. In all of these scenarios (personal, pooled, apps), there are VMs running Windows (typically Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session) that provide this functionality. Instead of starting the VM in Azure, you can download the VHD directly. Yes, you can use RemoteApp with WVD just as you have in the past with RDS. Virtual desktops are front and center now at Microsoft when many years ago it was considered a niche. If you try to install software on Windows 10 multi-session, it will report a ProductType value of 3 back to the software installer. Honestly, I love this. We have many environments where we want external users (in other Azure AD) to login without requiring us to create users in local AD. MSIX app attach is a function of your WVD entitlement and meant to be used for virtual environments only. If you’re already logged in to other AAD protected services or are on an Azure AD Joined or Hybrid Azure AD Joined device as your client, then it will simply SSO you in using the existing authentication token when you visit that URL. Once authentication is completed then you will see the portal with icons for available apps and desktops. For all the same reasons as Authenticator above. You can optimize costs by taking advantage of Reserved Instances (up to 72 percent discount) and by using multi-session Windows 10. Currently there is no support for Windows 10 Multi-Session, for this guide I am using the Windows 10 Enterprise 2004 image from the Image Gallery. This can only be obtained from the Azure Marketplace and can only be used within Azure. You enable it in the same spot in your AAD tenant. There is no SKU for it. You can make an app Assure service request here: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/fasttrack/win-10-app-assure. In the case of WVD, AD FS will be the middle-man working with the Microsoft CA as opposed to FAS or True SSO in those respective brokering environments. This setting is the default because it does not require you to maintain the setting and you only have to worry about having enough VMs in your host pool. Required fields are marked *. This will help for things like Azure AD Conditional Access when using Azure AD protected enterprise apps within a virtual desktop session. Azure, AWS, GCP, on-prem data centers are all data centers at the end of the day and you want to keep users, their clients, and servers/databases as close as possible to said data center for the best user experience. Additionally, we are seeing a lot of features coming for the Azure ecosystem and other Microsoft products themselves that are designed to support WVD. Remember, a user can be a Medium user the first 3 days of the week and then on the 4th they may run some intensive end of month report that can really tax the system and classify them as a Power user. Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session is a virtual edition of Windows 10 Enterprise. @Mikael, thank you! Fear of the future is caused by the unknown. Instead, imagine yourself saying “Great! The same reverse proxy concept where you are talking to the middleman “gateway” and the VM you are trying to get to is connecting back to this middleman as well so all traffic flows through the gateway. For more information, see Plan your hybrid Azure Active Directory join implementation. The amount of time it takes will be dependent on the number of VMs you are deploying: If you would prefer to get started with WVD using PowerShell and go deeper into these concepts, there is an excellent session Pieter Wigleven did at Microsoft Ignite 2019 here starting at the 6:05 mark covering this and the actual steps starting at around 13:18: And his accompanying blog that he mentions in the video with step-by-step instructions is at http://aka.ms/startwvd. through Windows Server) presents a few but easily noticeable limitations, especially from an end-user perspective. The last thing you want is to be told by a superior is that your org is moving its EUC control plane to the cloud and you’ve got a ‘deer in the headlights’ look. We are all learning all the time. It cannot be run on-prem, it’s a PaaS offering. There is nothing you need to do to make this work. This means any apps you have installed on RDSH, Citrix Virtual Apps (XenApp), and Horizon Apps will all install and work the same way on this OS. Perhaps some sort of trust with the identity provider (Azure AD), credential provider, and WVD agent or partner agent. Most companies have moved to ExpressRoute to help with this and also usually have plans to move the backend servers/database into Azure to keep them close to the virtual desktops. are designed to do. So dynamic app delivery per user completely independent of the operating system base image. WVD and its remoting protocol is for end-user to the virtual desktop running in Azure. Is there any specific tool available? It can be used for the following on pooled session host VMs: The load balancing method can be breadth-first load balancing or depth-first load balancing: Microsoft WVD is a control plane that runs in Microsoft Azure. Microsoft will fix all your legacy craplications for free. Learn more The session should launch giving you access to the Windows Virtual Desktop. I’m a big proponent of turnkey these days. I know all about it!”. We recommend to deploy not more than 5,000 VMs per Azure subscription per region, this recommendation applies to both personal and pooled host pools based on Windows 10 Enterprise single and multi-session. Everything in this container is disposable since it’s just cache data. This software serves as a layer between SCM (Service … Summary. It is your responsibility to monitor and size up VMs or scale outward when you see users taxing their VMs. In my next set of articles I’m working on, I’ll explain how you are able to use your WVD entitlement with some of the partner solutions I referenced above you may already have an investment in. Additionally, you can simply spin up a Windows 10 multi-session VM in Azure without having to tie it to a WVD host pool. I would recommend the latter with Office 365 Pro Plus installed, however, if you intend actually use it in production with users: Yes, the “winver” command will say Windows 10 1909 Enterprise for Virtual Desktops (EVD) at the moment but the proper term is Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session and will likely be changed to reflect this. 🙂, Microsoft Endpoint Management (Intune + SCCM) will also have support for Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session sometime in the future. He is certified in several technologies and is 1 of 63 people globally that is a recipient of the prestigious Citrix Technology Professional (CTP) award. It's against the licensing agreement to run Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session outside of Azure for production purposes. The issue is not a result of the technical capabilities of Windows 10 but rather with the license agreement. The D-series VM’s (D4S_v3 and DS3_v2) are the best VMs for multi-session workloads based on the user density results. I was giving a presentation that same afternoon and had to scramble to adjust my slides that day to reflect this in the interest of accuracy. @Jason: Thanks for your detailed response again. It’s free for most everyone and works extremely well so use it. The issue with multiple Remote Desktop Sessions on Windows 10 and 8. Updates to the WVD Agent are automatic which is really nice and a welcome change from what we have seen in the EUC world in the past with agents. It was an especially beautiful November week in 2017 when I visited Microsoft’s Redmond campus. If you want to keep the apps you installed, you'll need to ask your admin to provision these apps for all users in your Windows Virtual Desktop environment. That’s a promotion right there. With WVD’s Windows 10 MS, users can have full access to those services and even Office 365 ProPlus. Less than 2 years later from my visit, RDmi evolved into Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop (WVD) and became Generally Available on September 30, 2019. I just want things to work and not have to deal with versions of various components I have to keep track of and remember to update. That esoteric blue on black “Microsoft Azure” logo on the front panel is just calling to me: WVD supports Azure Active Directory. When the user starts an app, for Windows SSO to work you will need AD FS configured or they will be prompted to authenticate again. This property keeps the OS compatible with existing RDSH management tooling, RDSH multi-session-aware applications, and mostly low-level system performance optimizations for RDSH environments. This will change on many factors each time you refresh the page so don’t read too much into it for just a few ms. WVD supports two types of desktops: 1. Thus far we have seen a very heavy development in capability for WVD. To learn more, see Windows Virtual Desktop pricing. B2B accounts is a great ask. Note, when I mean “Windows Virtual Desktop” in the title of this cheat sheet, I don’t mean the Microsoft solution. Host pools are groups of Windows Desktop OS and Server OS VMs you stand up in Azure that you will use to deliver a remoting session. While you can use a DaaS (desktop-as-a-service) control plane that may be turn-key, there is still much work for the EUC engineer to work on in order for the environment to be successful. You use it exactly the same way as before minus license files but plus many new validated storage options for increased scale. I want to give a rundown on what exactly Microsoft WVD is and how you can use it with your existing investments. This is nice because both partners and customers can extend and automate Microsoft WVD as they see fit. Breadth-first is the default setting and will distribute sessions across all available session hosts in a host pool. Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session, formerly known as Windows 10 Enterprise for Virtual Desktops (EVD), is a new Remote Desktop Session Host that allows multiple concurrent interactive sessions, which previously only Windows Server could do.

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