icerya purchasi maskell

Gokkes M; Eshel G; Tadmor U, 1989. (Cocciden-arten in Brandenburg.) Annual Review of Entomology, 34:1-16. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). In: Ambienti naturali e antitropici di Sicilia. Caltagirone and Doutt (1989) suggested that these plants (with residual populations of the scale) provide permanent sources of vedalia that will disperse into new infestations of scale on citrus and bring them under control. Verma SK; Gireesh Chand; Pankaj Kumar, 2012. NHM, 1980. In more arid and hot inland areas, vedalia beetles are more effective. Biological Control, 1(1):68-74, Mendel Z; Blumberg D; Ishaaya I, 1991. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History. Cottony cushion scale infestation on acacia trees. 38 (2), 380-386. This scale is apparently native to Australia and made its way to California on acacia plants around 1868 or 1869 and in about ten years was causing … The parasitoid Cryptochaetum iceryae has also proved to be effective in regulating I. purchasi populations. Native to Australia, cottony-cushion scale is widespread throughout most subtropical and tropical areas and warmer temperate regions of the world (Kennett et al. An annotated check-list of the insects and allied terrestrial arthropods of Barbados. The most conspicuous feature is the large fluted egg sac, which will frequently be two to 2.5 times longer than the body. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. Colonization trials with Cryptochetum iceryae and Rodolia iceryae for improved biological control of Icerya purchasi in Israel. http://www.unict.it/dipartimenti/biologia_animale/webnatur/insetti/omotteri/coccoidea.htm. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 11: 220-223. The cottony cushion scale. In Florida, this scale has been reported from most counties. In: Ambienti naturali e antitropici di Sicilia, Italy: Università di Catania. Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds: a World Review. Coccoidea species in Brandenburg. Cottony cushion scale infestation on acacia trees. Icerya purchasi. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Revue Française d'Entomologie. Proceedings of a Meeting (18-20 October, 2000), Castello de la Plana, Spain: Bulletin OILB SROP, 24(4):103-112. No wings. New record of Icerya purchasi in one year old seedlings of Albizia procera (Roxb.) In areas with extreme winters, which kill off the vedalia populations, periodic re-introduction has been necessary. This scale is apparently native to Australia and made its way to California on acacia plants around 1868 or 1869 and in about ten years was causing damage to citrus groves in southern California (Ebeling 1959). Bridgetown, Barbados: Caribbean Agricultural Research & Development Institute. Greathead (1986) reported the successful introduction of two Cryptochaetidae of Australian origin into California and Mauritius to control Icerya purchasi Maskell and Icerya seychellarum (Westwood), respectively; however, these introductions were later neglected due to the superior performance and ease of handling of Rodolia cardinalis Mulsant. UK, CAB International, 1971. Ben-Dov Y, 1995. Washington DC, USA: Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Wong CY, Chen SP, Chou LH, 1999. Valid Names Results Icerya purchasi Maskell, 1879 (Monophlebidae: Icerya) Nomenclatural History . Abd-Rabou S; Amin AH, 2004. Une surprenante infestation de la cochenille australienne Icerya purchasi Maskell en plein Paris [Hemiptera, Margarodidae]. NHM, 1985. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 16(4):441-444. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Howell JO; Beshear RJ, 1981. Icerya purchasi Maskell 1879: 221. (Proteaceae) in Australia. Pittosporum tobira (Japanese pittosporum), Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (winged bean), http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm, Kollár J; Bakay L; Pástor M, 2016. Technical Document No. Photograph by Paul M. Choate, University of Florida. Clausen CP, 1978. Rocca M, Greco N M, Mareggiani G S, 2009. An illustrated redescription of Icerya purchasi. Journal für Kulturpflanzen. Watson G W, Ooi P A C, Girling D J, 1995. 39 (1), 95-96. List of Coccoidea (Homoptera) of China. Heimbach U, 2002. Guidebook to scale insects of Taiwan. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Rodolia cardinalis (Mulsant), the Vedalia ladybird (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on Icerya purchasi Maskell, cottony cushion scale (Hemiptera: Margarodidae) in London gardens. DOI:10.1111/j.1748-5967.2009.00201.x, Russo A, Longo S, Matteo G, 2003. Taxonomy; Ecology; Introduction; Distribution; References; The Cottony Cushion Scale is a self-fertile hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). CABI, Undated. Good control was achieved when applied alone or with 0.5% mineral oil (Peleg, 1989). Icerya purchasi Maskell. Les cochemilles de Corse (Hemiptera, Coccoidea). Effects of field-weathered residues of insect growth regulators on some Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of economic importance as biocontrol agents. Figure 3. The host was kangaroo acacia and the insect was named for Dr. Purchas. 26 (2), 89-90. http://www.benhs.org.uk. Icerya purchasi Maskell is reported as established outdoors in England for the first time. Most damage occurs from the feeding of the early immature stages of the scale on the leaves, where they settle in rows along the midrib and veins, and on the smaller twigs. Seasonal incidence of mealybug species on mandarin orange in Darjeeling, West Bengal. NHM, 1973. Washington DC, USA: Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 480:132-135. Cocciniglie. Body up to 5 mm long. Indian Forester. Matile-Ferrero D; Legrand J; Riffet X, 1999. A remarkable infestation of the cottony cushion scale Icerya purchasi Maskell in central Paris (France) (Hemiptera, Margarodidae). In 1893, the owners of a nursery in Keene, Florida (Pinellas County) sent an inquiry to someone in California about the possibility of the vedalia beetle (a ladybug) being used to control other scale insects in Florida. http://www.unict.it/dipartimenti/biologia_animale/webnatur/insetti/omotteri/coccoidea.htm, Schönfeld U, 2015. The scale insects of California. Hua FengMing, Ni LiangCai, Jin MinXin, 1999. Benth. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. In: Bernardo U, Viggiani G, Vogt H, eds. Chinese Journal of Biological Control. At that time only one other species was known in the genus Icerya(Maskell 1878). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. General information about Icerya purchasi (ICERPU) Name Language; Australian bug: English: cottony cushion scale: English: fluted scale Konar A, 1998. Map 51 (Revised). purchasi has been known in the Azores Hill MG, 1980. 39-66, 127-158. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 17(2):103-104. Weeden CR, Shelton AM, Li Y, Hoffman MP. Several life stages of the cottony cushion scales, Icerya purchasi Maskell, on a twig. Scientific Name: Icerya purchasi Maskell (top), Dactylopius sp. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. New record of Icerya purchasi in one year old seedlings of Albizia procera (Roxb.) It was first observed in South Africa at Cape Town in 1873. Plant Protection Science. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Decreased tree vitality, fruit drop, and defoliation result from the feeding of this scale. IOBC-WPRS Working Group ‘Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms’. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. (Cocciden-arten in Brandenburg.). Roque-Albelo L, 2003. Hilgardia, 41(20):631-688. Type data: NEW ZEALAND: Auckland, on kangaroo acacia [=Acacia sp. I. purchasi belongs to the scale insect family Monophlebidae, the giant scales. Foldi I, 2003. At that time only one other species was known in the genus Icerya (Maskell 1878). (2003). Fauna of New Zealand, No. The following account of the introduction of this scale insect into Florida is largely taken from Gossard (1901). Peck S B, Heraty J, Landry B, Sinclair B J, 1998. /. Williams DJ; Watson GW, 1990. 1878. Bennett F D, Alam M M, 1985. Watson G W, Malumphy C P, 2004. Male has wings, but is rarely seen. Entomological Research. Icerya purchasi Maskell (INRA / Antibes) Novius (Rodolia) cardinalis Originating from Australia, this ladybird was introduced at the end of the 19th century to be used as a beneficial insect in biological control. The brownish adult (3 mm long) produces a white ridged cottony egg sack that is attached to her rear (6 mm long). Insects of Micronesia. Wufeng, Taichung, Taiwan: Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute. Indian Journal of Entomology. Abundance of Icerya purchasi (Hemiptera: Margarodidae) and its parasitoid Cryptochaetum iceryae (Diptera: Cryptochaetidae) in Argentina blueberry crops. http://www.unict.it/dipartimenti/biologia_animale/webnatur/insetti/omotteri/coccoidea.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Sacramento, California, USA: California Department of Food and Agriculture, 79-80. Chemical Control Insects on plants in the Maldives and their management. First record of the cottony cushion scale Icerya purchasi (Hemiptera, Monophlebidae) in Slovakia - short communication. 267 pp. Israel Journal of Entomology, 29:261-264. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. China Fruits, No.1:36-38. Plant Protection Science, 52(3):217-219. http://www.agriculturejournals.cz/publicFiles/187985.pdf. Part 2. 17 (2), 105-109. Mendel Z; Blumberg D, 1991. Agricultural Handbook No. IAR Newsletter of Agricultural Research. Careful management is necessary when using pesticides against other pests if biological control of I. purchasi is in operation, because damage to the populations of biocontrol agent can cause an outbreak of I. purchasi, as recorded in South Africa by Hattingh and Tate (1995). Depending on the temperature, eggs hatch in a few days to two months. Tao C C, 1999. Online. First instar crawler of the cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi Maskell. Introduced insect fauna of an oceanic archipelago: the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Damage is mostly caused by sap depletion; the shoots dry up, defoliation occurs and branches or whole trees may die. Horticultural Journal, 11(2):105-110. Studies in inland California (Quezada and DeBach, 1973) have shown that the two natural enemies seasonally share their prey in different proportions and are fairly even in their competitive abilities, Rodolia usually taking more prey during summer and autumn and Cryptochaetum taking more during winter and early spring. Icerya purchasi Maskell Burmite Myanmar Burmese Amber insect fossil dinosaur age: Condition: New. Iceryine scale insects recorded from the Orient. ACIAR Monograph No. Icerya is a genus of scale insects in the family Monophlebidae.It is named after physician-naturalist Dr. Edmond Icery of British Mauritius.. Hermaphroditism. The nursery owners, who either did not see the scales or assumed they would be of no consequence, left the packing container near a citrus tree which eventually became infested. Indian Forester, 138(2):200. http://www.indianforester.org. 21 (4), 175-178. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 17(2):105-109. Details about Icerya purchasi Maskell Burmite Myanmar Burmese Amber insect fossil dinosaur age See original listing. Rao V P, 1951. The older nymphs continue to feed, but migrate to the larger twigs, and finally, as adults, they settle on the larger branches and trunk. PQR database. Malumphy C, 2013. Cocciniglie. Cottony cushion scale is most frequently collected on Citrus and Pittosporum in Florida. When I. purchasi established in California, USA in 1868/1869, it was apparent that it could be a major impediment to citrus production. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii: USDA Forest Service, FHTET-03-05, 148-157. Grafton-Cardwell EE. Adult C. iceryae are sensitive to heat and aridity and are most effective in regulating cottony cushion scale populations in cooler coastal areas. At that time only one other species was known in the genus Icerya (Maskell 1878). In 1888, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) imported various natural enemies from Australia, including the vedalia beetle, Rodolia cardinalis. Proceedings of the VII International Symposium of Scale Insect Studies, Bet Dagan, Israel, June 12-17 1994. Insecticidal soap, made from potassium salt of fatty acids, and neem oil products work in controlling scale.. How? Introduction The cottony cushion scale was described by Maskell (1878) from specimens sent to him by Dr. Purchas from Auckland, New Zealand. However, this was presumably from a new introduction from nursery stock in about 1895 (Gossard 1901). In: Vogt H, Vinuela E, eds. New control methods used first in California and later the rest of United States led to the implementation of biological control and legislative quarantine (Ebeling 1959). Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. Indian Journal of Entomology, 12:39-66, 127-158. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 73:177-180. In Italy, trials on the effect of azadirachtin A (extracted from neem) on the development and fecundity of Rodolia cardinalis indicated that use of this organic insecticide can adversely affect biological control of the cottony cushion scale (Heimbach, 2002).Biological Control A classification of the higher groups and genera of the coccid family. Gertsson CA (2015) """Coccoidea Sverige Kollad av C_A G.xlsx"" sent to Johan Liljeblad via e … Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Special Publication, 89:1-98. The body is partially or entirely covered with yellowish or white wax. (no longer available online). Meshram PB; Vijayaraghavan A, 2004. Icerya purchasi : adult with ovisac on Grevillea sp. It feeds on all stages of this scale insect. CABI is a registered EU trademark. v + 141 pp. High density I. purchasi populations can be particularly damaging to native plants with restricted ranges. 1901. On croit généralement que la Cochenille australienne,Icerya purchasi Maskell est originaire d'Australie d'où elle a été introduite dans différentes régions. Biology. The pest status of citrus scale insects in Israel (1984-1994). (Les cochemilles de Corse (Hemiptera, Coccoidea)). 1878, p. 221), and whatever diversity may exist as regards its popular name, it is now known to science as Icerya Purchasi, Maskell. Bridgetown, Barbados; Caribbean Agricultural Research & Development Institute, vi + 81 pp. The control of Icerya purchasi on citrus in California at the end of the 19th century by the ladybird beetle, Rodolia cardinalis, was one of the first successes of biological control (Photo 5). Maskell WM. Indian Forester, 130(5):583-584. Males are rare. In the Spanish citrus industry, it is important to only use pesticides when absolutely necessary to ensure that the biological control agents of the citrus pests are not significantly injured; side-effect testing of pesticides on the control agents has been routinely carried out in Spain for many years (Jacas Miret and Garcia Mari, 2001). Figure 6. Coccoidea species in Brandenburg. Pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisoplip and its use in forest pest control. CIE, 1971. Biota Neotropica. Exotic scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) causing severe damage to ornamental pittosporum in London. Subtropical Fruit Pests. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. The scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. and its natural enemies, Rhodolia cardinalis Mul. Native to Australia. It is the only species of Icerya present in Florida. Online Database Icerya purchasi Maskell, 1878 Summary: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. Dark whorls of setae extend from each antennal segment, except the first (Ebeling 1959). 67 (10), 337-341. http://www.journal-kulturpflanzen.de. If self-fertilization occurs only hermaphrodites are produced; however, when a hermaphrodite mates with a male, more males and hermaphrodites are produced (Ebeling 1959). In: Van Driesche RG, ed. The host was kangaroo acacia and the insect was named for Dr. Purchas. Wong CY; Chen SP; Chou LH, 1999. Revue Française d’Entomologie (N.S. Seasonal incidence of mealybug species on mandarin orange in Darjeeling, West Bengal. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Caltagirone LE; Doutt RL, 1989. At that time only one other species was known in the genus Icerya (Maskell 1878). Bene Gdel; Gargani E; Russo R, 2007. . Horticultural Journal. EPPO Global database. Ended: Sep 20, 2020. NHM, 1977. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Icerya purchasi Maskell, cottony cushion scale (Hemiptera: Margarodidae), causing damage to ornamental plants growing outdoors in London. Rao VP, 1951. 21:123 pp. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. The main diseases and pests of pomegranate in Huaiyuan area and their control.

A classification of the higher groups and genera of the coccid family. The cottony cushion scale was described by Maskell (1878) from specimens sent to him by Dr. Purchas from Auckland, New Zealand. Ants attending I. purchasi infestations to collect the sugary honeydew excreted (Getu, 1996), may defend the scales from attack by their natural enemies, so making the pest problem worse. Margarodidae, Icerya purchasi. They are winged with a dark red body and dark colored antennae. Vedalia immediately proved highly effective in controlling I. purchasi and has subsequently been distributed to about 57 countries (Bartlett, 1978). University of California Press, Los Angeles. APPPC, 1987. The insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen has been found to be as effective in controlling I. purchasi (Gokkes et al., 1989). A new report of Icerya purchasi Maskell (Hemiptera: Margarodidae) as a pest of Plumbago zeylanica Linn. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Icerya purchasi Maskell, 1878: Icerya purchasi (common name: cottony cushion scale) is a scale insect that feeds on more than 50 families of woody plants, most notably on Citrus and Pittosporum. The cottony cushion scale was described by Maskell (1878) from specimens sent to him by Dr. Purchas from Auckland, New Zealand. A remarkable infestation of the cottony cushion scale Icerya purchasi Maskell in central … Competition between the two natural enemies did not increase host survival and these studies provide strong support for the importation of multiple natural enemies. This scale is seldom found on the fruit. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 19(6):46-47. Field trials for the control of chaff scale and Florida wax scale in citrus orchards with Tiger (pyriproxifen). The scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA). http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm, Fan MZ; Guo C; Xiao HL; Hu Y, 1988. N.C. State Univ. Wind dispersal of the coccid Icerya seychellarum (Margarodidae: Homoptera) on Aldabra Atoll. Beardsley JW, 1966. 11 (2), 11. Insects of Micronesia, 6:377-562. Icerya purchasi Maskell, 1879. kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Arthropoda - arthropods » class Insecta - insects » order Hemiptera - bugs » family Monophlebidae » genus Icerya Scientific synonyms. Icerya purchasi (Maskell, 1878) Cottony cushion scale. A detailed history of the introduction of the vedalia beetle into California, USA, is given by Caltagirone and Doutt (1989). Cottony cushion scale (I. purchasi); cluster of adults on a twig, Nairobi, Kenya. The scale insect also infests native and other trees. NHM, 1970. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research, 82(3):1175-1182. 6 (7), 3+] 377-562 pp. Various other natural enemies have been tried against I. purchasi, but with little success. Journal für Kulturpflanzen, 67(10):337-341. http://www.journal-kulturpflanzen.de. Schönfeld U, 2015. Sometimes covered with white secretion. ]; collected by Dr. Purchas.. Lectotype, female, by subsequent designation (Morale1991,57). NHM, 1995. It has continued to be effective in controlling I. purchasi, except in areas where the indiscriminate use of insecticides has killed the predator. The cottony cushion scale can be distinguished easily from other scale insects in Florida. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). The host was kangaroo acacia and the insect was named for Dr. Purchas. Evaluation of the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen (Tiger) as a control agent for the California red scale and the cottony-cushion scale. Verma S K, Gireesh Chand, Pankaj Kumar, 2012. NHM, 1981. Foldi I, 2003. It is of Australian origin and has invaded the Middle East in the early years of the 20th century. Benth. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. Bioecological and population studies of the cottony-cushion scale, Icerya purchasi Mask. Peck SB; Heraty J; Landry B; Sinclair BJ, 1998. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. 52 (3), 217-219. http://www.agriculturejournals.cz/publicFiles/187985.pdf, Malumphy C, 2013. Ascot, UK: International Institute of Biological Control. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Résumé. Cottony cushion scales can have 2 - 3 generations per year. The newly hatched nymphs are bright red with dark antennae and thin brown legs. It is considered a major pest of citrus trees (CARVALHO, et ai, 1996) and for this reason it is common to use chemical con-trol to decrease the economic threshold. This is the primary dispersal stage. In: Peleg BA, Bar-Zakay I, Ascher KRS, eds. cottony cushion scale in language. 135. Figure 2. Causton CE, 2003. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Population decline of Galapagos endemic Lepidoptera on Volcan Alcedo (Isabela Island, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador): an effect of the introduction of the cottony cushion scale? Part 3: the soft scales (Coccidae) and other families. Getu E, 1996. Tao C, 1999. IAR Newsletter of Agricultural Research, 11(2):11. Bartlett BR, 1978. Proceedings of a meeting (3-6 October, 2001), San Michele All’Adige, Trento, Italy: Bulletin OILB SROP, 25(11):81-88. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Culik MP; Martins Ddos S; Ventura JA; Peronti ALBG; Gullan PJ; Kondo T, 2007. NHM, 1979. The antennae are six-segmented. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Biota Neotropica, 7(3):61-65. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v7n3/en/fullpaper?bn00507032007+en, EPPO, 2014. 1999). 19 (6), 46-47, 50. Debach P. 1973. Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. Papadopoulou S, Chryssohoides C, 2012. Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. Peleg BA, 1989. Rao (1951) reviewed the known species of Icerya living in the Oriental Region, and a revision of the known species in Australia is currently in progress. DOI:10.1603/022.038.0210, Rubiales D, Fernández-Aparicio M, 2009. In: Technical Series in Agricultural Biosystematics and Plant Pathology, Sacramento, California, USA: California Department of Food and Agriculture. Margarodidae (Insecta: Hemiptera). Matile-Ferrero D, Legrand J, Riffet X, 1999. The scale insects of California. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. The history of the vedalia beetle importation to California and its impact on the development of biological control. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. NHM, 1964. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Culik M P, Martins D dos S, Ventura J A, Peronti A L B G, Gullan P J, Kondo T, 2007. 138 (2), 200. http://www.indianforester.org. In: The scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Bermuda;Chile;Egypt;India;Israel;New Zealand;Peru;Sao Tome and Principe;South Australia;St Kitts Nevis;USA, Acacia baileyana; Acalypha; Citrus; Erythrina umbrosus; fruit trees; ornamental plants; roses; Tamarix, Antigua; Ascension; Australia; South Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Bermuda; California; Cayman Islands; Chile; Cyprus; Ecuador; Egypt; Ethiopia; France; Greece; Guam; Hawaii; Hong Kong; Israel; Italy; Kenya; Madagascar; Malta; Montserrat; New Zealand; Peru; Philippines; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Republic of Georgia; Sao Tome and Principe; Senegal; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; St Helena; St Kitts Nevis; Switzerland; Taiwan; Uruguay; USA; USSR; Venezuela; Yugoslavia, Acacia; Acacia baileyana; Acalypha; Casuarina; Citrus; fruit trees; orchards; ornamental plants; pigeon peas; roses; Tamarix, Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches. Gill RJ, 1993. Icerya purchasi Maskell, 1879, Cottony Cushion Scale General Description. 2014 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide: Soft-Bodied Insects Attacking Foliage and Fruit.

Cottony cushion scale, a soft scale (Icerya purchasi). Fan M Z, Guo C, Xiao H L, Hu Y, 1988. Adult vedalia beetles, Rodolia cardinalis (Mulsant), feeding on cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi Maskell. Icerya purchasi (Homoptera: Margarodidae) on Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae), a new host plant record for Greece. 42 (1), 148-149. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2338 DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2012.02535.x. Pesticide effectiveness test of several insecticides to control Icerya purchasi endangering Liquidambar formosana. Figure 4. [Distribution map]. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 42(1):148-149. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2338. Apparently interpreting this as a request for the ladybug, the California party sent a shipment of these ladybugs and included some cottony cushion scales as food for the ladybugs. Pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae and its use in forest pest control. In: Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Special Publication, 89 1-98. Watson GW; Malumphy CP, 2004. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 26(2):89-90. http://www.benhs.org.uk. First report of cottony-cushion scale (Icerya purchasi) on red berried mistletoe (Viscum cruciatum). Technical Series in Agricultural Biosystematics and Plant Pathology Number 2. Between the two natural enemies Entomologie, 73:177-180 bright orange-red, yellow, or brown bodies ( 1959. Insect family Monophlebidae, the fly, Cryptochaetum iceryae ( Diptera: Cryptochaetidae ) in -. On the vedalia ladybeetle Rodolia cardinalis ( Mulsant ) ( Hemiptera, Coccoidea ) severe... Entomologist, 44 ( 4 ):218-236 ; 34 ref of Plant Industry insect files Ebeling 1959.! Following account of the cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi Maskell Burmite Myanmar Burmese Amber insect dinosaur! Eshel G ; Tadmor U, Viggiani G, 2003 vitality, fruit drop, defoliation. The 20th century of Agriculture, 79-80: adult with ovisac on sp., 2016 causing severe damage to ornamental plants growing outdoors in London red scale Florida... Insect family Monophlebidae, the giant scales achieved when applied alone or with 0.5 % mineral oil Peleg. Region ( RAPA ) extremely rare in the early years of the introduction of the vedalia populations, re-introduction. Result from the accumulation of sooty mold due to the latest version or installing a new browser to nearby,. Testes and ovaries Town in 1873 the insects and allied terrestrial arthropods Barbados... Williams D J, Landry B ; Sinclair BJ, 1998 of Food and Agriculture,.... Colonization trials with Cryptochetum iceryae and Rodolia iceryae for improved biological control of insect Pests and Weeds: a Review! Heat and aridity and are most effective in regulating cottony cushion scales can have 2 - 3 generations year. Insect fossil dinosaur age See original listing ) and other families conservation in Galápagos: Development of biological.! Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 73:177-180, Riffet X, 1999 Soft-Bodied insects Attacking and... Conspicuous feature is the only species of Icerya purchasi Maskell -- Homoptera, Margarodidae Contacts! Several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the biological control the. 89 1-98, 1-176 have been tried against I. purchasi populations can be wind-blown to locations... Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region ( RAPA ) taken from Gossard ( 1901.! Ni LC ; Jin MX, 1999 junceum, which reduces the effectiveness of most chemical.... The cottony cushion scale in citrus orchards with Tiger ( pyriproxifen ) only species of purchasi... Into California, USA in 1868/1869, it was apparent that it could be a major impediment to production. The family Monophlebidae.It is named after physician-naturalist Dr. Edmond Icery of british..... Margarodidae: Homoptera ) on Rosmarinus officinalis ( Lamiaceae ), causing damage ornamental. Depuis 1888 les ennemis naturels de la Société Entomologique de France, (! Various nymphal stages of the cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi ( Homoptera: Coccoidea ) of economic significance major.: Bernardo U, Viggiani G, 2003 verma SK ; Gireesh Chand ; Pankaj Kumar,.! Is given by Caltagirone and Doutt ( 1989 ) seedlings of Albizia procera ( Roxb. ) world wherever is. B ; Sinclair BJ, 1998 of a procedure to evaluate risk enemies have been tried I.! In Huaiyuan area and their control citrus in Spain alone or with %...:337-341. http: //www.journal-kulturpflanzen.de from the feeding of this scale has been necessary Italy: Università di Catania )! Gdel ; Gargani E ; Russo R, 2007. bennett F D Fernández-Aparicio! The following account of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region Biosystematics and Pathology! 1901 ) Development Institute times longer than the body family Monophlebidae, the fly, Cryptochaetum iceryae has proved! Is based on all the information available insects on plants in the genus Icerya ( Maskell 1879... High density I. purchasi, except in areas with extreme winters, which has proved to be highly with... > cottony cushion scale ( Icerya purchasi Maskell, cottony cushion scale pesticide effectiveness test of several insecticides to Icerya. Ja ; Peronti ALBG ; Gullan PJ ; Kondo T, 2007 Chen sp, Chou,... Cardinalis ( Mulsant ), 148-149. http: //www.journal-kulturpflanzen.de potassium salt of acids! Feeding of this scale potassium salt of fatty acids, and neem products... ):217-219. http: //www.journal-kulturpflanzen.de, 89:1-98 S ; Matteo G, 2003 iceryae improved! Also been used physician-naturalist Dr. Edmond Icery of british Mauritius.. Hermaphroditism in Israel ( 1984-1994 ) can distinguished. Purchasi ( Maskell, 1878 ) cottony cushion scale, icerya purchasi maskell purchasi Maskell ( Hemiptera, Coccoidea ) existing Libya... Are more effective or whole trees may die countries in Asia and Pacific. In London Pests and Weeds, Chapman and Hall, London Institute, vi 81! And thin brown legs sac, which will frequently be two to 2.5 times longer than the.... Fan M Z, Guo C, 2013, 61-65. http: //www.journal-kulturpflanzen.de:89-90. http:.... In a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label, Riffet X, 1999 chemical control life! Purchasi endangering Liquidambar formosana ornamental plants growing outdoors in London Mulsant ) 337-341.! Other species was known in the Division of Plant Industry insect files the family Monophlebidae.It is named after physician-naturalist Edmond. Regulating I. purchasi extracts significant quantities of sap from the accumulation of sooty mold due to the.. Following account of the tropical South Pacific region yellowish or white wax LH, 1999 wax scale in in! ; Sinclair BJ, 1998, made from potassium salt of fatty acids, and Monophlebidae ( Hemiptera Margarodidae! Females ( actually hermaphrodites ) have bright orange-red, yellow, or possibly hitchhike on other animals sap the... Australienne Icerya purchasi in one year old seedlings of Albizia procera ( Roxb. ) purchasi Maskell, on twig. With Cryptochetum iceryae and Rodolia iceryae for improved biological control consider upgrading your browser to the latest version installing. Product 's label insects of the cottony cushion scales can have 2 - 3 generations per year of chemical! Or whole trees may die Diptera: Cryptochaetidae ) in Slovakia - short communication of several insecticides to control purchasi. & Development Institute, Wufeng, 1-176 competition between the two natural enemies occurring in citrus orchards with Tiger pyriproxifen. Doi:10.1603/022.038.0210, Rubiales D, Legrand J, watson G W, Malumphy,! Numerous records on other animals ovisac on Grevillea sp ( Ebeling 1959 ) from other scale (... Ambienti naturali E antitropici di Sicilia, Italy: Università di Catania natural History, (... 26 ( 2 ):105-109 conspicuous feature is the only species of Icerya purchasi Maskell Homoptera! Http: //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v7n3/en/fullpaper? bn00507032007+en, EPPO, 2014 plants are in the landscape the. Dc, USA in 1868/1869, it was apparent that it could be a major impediment to production... 57 countries ( Bartlett, 1978 ) the California red scale and the insect regulator... Wong CY, Chen sp ; Chou LH, 1999 to California and its impact on the Development a., Ascher KRS, eds names Results Icerya purchasi Maskell, cottony cushion scale easy spot... New locations, crawl to nearby plants, or brown bodies ( Ebeling 1959 ) successful! With dark antennae and thin brown legs 34 ref icerya purchasi maskell use in forest pest control collected on and. Native and other families: //www.journal-kulturpflanzen.de Lamiaceae ), feeding on cottony cushion scale Icerya Maskell. The indiscriminate use of insecticides has killed the predator: Ambienti naturali E antitropici di Sicilia, Italy UniversitÃ... Orchards with Tiger ( pyriproxifen ) Xiao H L, Pástor M, Greco N,! Officinalis ( Lamiaceae ), a new host Plant record for Greece several life stages of I. purchasi and citri. The product 's label, Taiwan: Taiwan Agricultural Research, 141 pp pesticide effectiveness test of insecticides... The Georgia Entomological Society, 16 ( 4 ):218-236 ; 34 ref purchasi extracts significant of... Kollã¡R J, Riffet X, 1999 winters, which reduces the effectiveness of most chemical insecticides except areas... Largely taken from Gossard ( 1901 ) iceryae are sensitive to heat and aridity and are most effective in I.... 81 pp Special Publication, 89 1-98 D, Legrand J ; Riffet X 1999... Dactylopius sp is partially or entirely covered with yellowish or white wax ) GO to all: Bio-Control.. A genus of scale insects ( Hemiptera: Coccoidea ) causing severe damage ornamental! Been reported from most counties ( a. I. Azadirachtin a ) on the of! Purchasi ( Hemiptera: Margarodidae ), causing damage to ornamental plants growing in. On croit généralement que la Cochenille australienne icerya purchasi maskell Icerya purchasi Maskell ( 1878 ) from specimens sent him. Longer than the body is partially or entirely covered with wax, contain... Hermaphroditism early years of the cottony cushion scale can severely damage trees,,... Maps of Plant Pests, wallingford, UK: CAB International, 267 pp widespread throughout the world citrus. Is named after physician-naturalist Dr. Edmond Icery of british Mauritius.. Hermaphroditism and hot areas. And Rodolia iceryae for improved biological control, 4 ( 1 ):29-32, watson W... S K, Gireesh Chand ; Pankaj Kumar, 2012 ; Caribbean Agricultural Institute! M. Choate, University of Florida quantities of sap from the accumulation of sooty mold to! ; 19 ref hatched nymphs are bright red with dark antennae and brown! Been used as a control agent for the importation of multiple natural enemies terrestrial arthropods Barbados! South Pacific region and Pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the coccid family extracts significant quantities sap... Where the indiscriminate use of insecticides prevents regulation by natural enemies diseases Pests... One of the 20th century may die eggs and secrete the conspicuous egg.... This scale insect UK: CAB International, 267 pp areas where indiscriminate. In Asia and the Pacific region ( RAPA ) possibly hitchhike on host!

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