european white birch uses

European white birch (Not recommended) Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), European white birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. }); Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. 'dimension5': 'joannkaiser', 'dimension1': 'European Birch', [5] Some shoots are long and bear the male catkins at the tip, while others are short and bear female catkins. (View Measured Leaf) The are almost triangular in shape, but not as much as the Gray Birch. All are believed to be the result of grain deviations. In terms of genetic structure, the trees are quite different, but do, however, occasionally hybridise. The wood is now used for building lumber to make veneer, pulpwood and plywood. //--> Betula species most often marketed as lumber include Betula pendula, Betula alba, Betula pubescens and Betular odorata. ", Birches are found around the globe in higher northern latitudes. Jo-Ann Kaiser has been covering the woodworking industry for 31+ years. The immature male catkins are present during the winter, but the female catkins develop in the spring, soon after the leaves unfurl. [8], The branches of the silver birch often have tangled masses of twigs known as witch's brooms growing among them, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina. 'dimension7': '173628', [1], The silver birch is Finland's national tree. It is an excellent pioneer plant as it provides very little demands on the soil. [6] 'dimension9': '173628' The European White Birch is a fast-growing tree for cold parts of the country, that is a great choice for a new, empty garden. Add to Wishlist; Share This. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Including as many as 3 common names, the scientific name, our staff artist’s sketch of a typical leaf, a brief description of the tree as well as common uses of the wood. The leaves … Norwegians covered bark with soil to create roofs. From shop blueskiesforever. Does best with ample water and fertilizer. Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. The twigs are slender and often pendulous and the leaves are roughly triangular with doubly serrate margins and turn yellow in autumn before they fall. European birch yields plain and fancy looks, and both have fans in the world of woodworking. Description It is a medium-sized tree often mistaken for silver birch. Watch for leaf spot problems. 2901-1043NP. The silver birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that owes its common name to the white peeling bark on the trunk. [6], Several varieties of B. pendula are no longer accepted, including B. pendula var. Because the birch sprouts early, it is … Experts recommend pre-boring for nailing or screwing, especially on material with irregular grain. They are sticky with resin at first, but this dries as they age, leaving small, white scales. There is a moderate blunting effect on cutting surfaces. The essential oil extracted from Sweet Birch is not used in aromatherapy. The small, 1- to 2-mm winged seeds ripen in late summer on pendulous, cylindrical catkins 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) long and 7 mm (0.3 in) broad. Clift says plain European birch is typically used in kitchen cabinetry, panels and residential doors. The European white birch (B. pendula, sometimes erroneously called B. alba), also known as silver birch or common birch, has slender, drooping branches and small, sharp-pointed leaves about 6 cm (2 inches) long.It may grow to a height of 15 m on light soils. The European white birch is widespread in Europe and beyond. Edibility. window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; '); Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. [4] Its tolerance to pollution make it suitable for planting in industrial areas and exposed sites. Many species of birds and animals are found in birch woodland, the tree supports a wide range of insects and the light shade it casts allows shrubby and other plants to grow beneath its canopy. The seeds are very numerous and are separated by scales, and when ripe, the whole catkin disintegrates and the seeds are spread widely by the wind. "We carry the plain white birch, which is a general volume wood, and we also carry the highly figured ice birch veneer, which is a very flashy figure used for high-end applications," Clift says. Downy birch has a grayish-white bark with the presence of horizontal lenticular features on it. Print This Page. In white birch. 'dimension3': 'undefined', [25] The removal of bark was at one time so widespread that Carl Linnaeus expressed his concern for the survival of the woodlands. "Both birches and alders, the closest cousins, are lightweight trees of the forest’s edge, adapted to poor land and extremes of either drought or damp," writes Hugh Johnson in The Encyclopedia of Trees. The cultivars marked agm above have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. Flowering plants often found in birch woods include primrose (Primula vulgaris), violet (Viola riviniana), bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa), and wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella). [28], Successful birch cultivation requires a climate cool enough for at least the occasional winter snowfall. Old trees are often killed by the decay fungus Piptoporus betulinus and fallen branches rot rapidly on the forest floor. The… Read More European, Karelian, masur, ice and flame birch, as well as English, Finnish and Swedish birch, according to country of origin. European White Birch (Betula pendula) ID. According to The Encyclopedia of Wood, "The larvae of burrowing insects create pith flecks, which show as irregular dark markings and local grain disturbance.". Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. This tree commonly grows with the mycorrhizal fungus Amanita muscaria in a mutualistic relationship. com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.init('OrfhmQgk6sGIKGvE9vw'); Share your thoughts with us in the comments below. [18] In Germany, almost 500 species of insects have been found on silver and downy birch including 106 beetles and 105 lepidopterans, with 133 insect species feeding almost exclusively on birch. [13] The two have differences in habitat requirements, with silver birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils, and downy birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clay soils and peat bogs. [5], The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan, the Sakha Republic in Siberia, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang province in China, and southwards to the mountains of the Caucasus and northern Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. Other popular grain patterns for European birch include flame, ice and curly birch. Ancient Greeks used the tar to mend broken pottery. Birch tar is not made from the sap but rather the bark itself, heated in an oven with little air (similar to making charcoal.) [6] In addition to mycorrhiza, the presence of microfauna in the soil assists the growth of the tree, as it enhances the mobilization of nutrients. Authors as Published. HEIGHT/WEIGHT The silver birch is a hardy tree, a pioneer species, and one of the first trees to appear on bare or fire-swept land. [9] It is naturalised and locally invasive in parts of Canada. The outer bark can be peeled off in the late spring or early summer and used to create a variety of crafts. The species is monoecious with male and female catkins found on the same tree. The leaves of a white birch are ovate, around 2 to 4 inches long and 1 or 2 inches in width. On a white birch, the male catkins often grow in threes and are up to 4 inches long, with the female catkins half as long. carelica, fontqueri, laciniata, lapponica, meridionalis, microlepis, and parvibracteata, as well as forms Betula pendula f. bircalensis, crispa, and palmeri. This allows a variety of mosses, grasses, and flowering plants to grow beneath, which in turn attract insects. Johnson writes there are some 60 species of birches, and they are hard to identify. Clift says adequate lengths of the figured material can be hard to find because the logs tend to be short. The veneer from the infected logs is sliced and marketed. The tip is very long and pointed and the base is almost straight across. gtag('config', 'UA-1658554-11', { [4], The leaves have short, slender stalks and are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, triangular with broad, untoothed, wedge-shaped bases, slender pointed tips, and coarsely double-toothed, serrated margins. 'dimension6': 'track', Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. 30-40 ft. high, with weeping side branches and delicate, lacy foliage. Leaves: The leaves are 1-2.5" (2.5-6cm) long and 1-1.5" (2.5-4cm) wide. Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch: Family: Betulaceae: USDA hardiness: 2-6: Known Hazards: The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. [4][6], Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). Experts also recommend using reduced cutting angles to avoid tearing when the material is planed. The highly-figured material is cut for expensive veneer and used in high-end applications. The European White Birch is one of the most susceptible birches to the bronze birch borer, which infects and kills trees. It is also native to northern Morocco and has become naturalised in some other parts of the world. [CDATA[//> Sapwood is permeable and liable to attack by the common furniture beetle. They also used it to make baskets, baby carriers, mats, torches and moose calls. Ben Clift, sales manager for Danzer Specialty Veneer in Ediburgh, IN, says his company produces a lot of European birch veneer.

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