crazy paving pattern in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

crazy-paving pattern (i.e., smoothly thickened intralobular interstitial lines and interlobular septal lines against a background of wide-spread ground-glass opacities) often with lob- ular or geographic sparing [3, 4]. sign of alveolar proteinosis. "Crazy-Paving" Pattern at Thin-Section CT of the Lungs: Radiologic-Pathologic Overview. Finaly pathology demonstrated findings consistent with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, a rarely observed lung pathology that causes ‘crazy paving’. A crazy paving pattern is the combination of enlarged pulmonary blood vessels and a hazy appearance in the lungs. It is typically … The pattern is caused by thickening of interlobular septa superimposed on areas of ground glass opacification. This crazy paving pattern has been described as part of a characteristic appearance of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (Fig. INTRODUCTION: A ‘crazy-paving’ appearance of the lungs on computed tomography scanning of the chest was first described nearly 20 years ago in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, and was thought to be characteristic of this condition. Crazy paving pattern caused by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: CT findings and the pathologic basis (English) LUO Jianguang, YANG Dongyi, ZHOU Shunke, XIAO Enhua, CHEN Ping, FAN Songqing, LIU Jun: 1. Consider pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in adolescents with “crazy paving” pattern on imaging. • Delayed diagnosis due to infectious mimickers is common in the young age group. She was diagnosed with autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis based on bronchoalveolar lavage findings and the presence of serum anti-granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor antibodies. This is a CT-related term that refers to presence of pulmonary ground glass opacity with superimposed interlobular septal thickening and intralobular lines, resembling irregularly shaped paving stones. These findings of CT are helpful for the specific diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. • Autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis requires timely diagnosis. The pattern observed is highly suggestive of the disease, although not pathognomonic. The aforementioned HRCT findings constitute the crazy-paving pattern, which is characterized by diffuse ground-glass opacities in the lung parenchyma, together with interlobular and intralobular septal thickening. A bronchoscopic alveolar lavage revealed alveolar proteinaceous material compatible with the diag-nosis pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Authorship These findings are characteristic but not unique to PAP. REVIEW: PULMONARY ALVEOLAR PROTEINOSIS c EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY REVIEW VOLUME 20 NUMBER 120 99. alveolar accumulation. CASE PRESENTATION A 32-year-old Caucasian man without a significant medical history pre-sented with a two-month history of progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion. Department of Respiratory Medicine; 3. The crazy-paving pattern found on computed tomography of the lungs is a nonspecific radiologic sign named after the appearance of paths made with pieces of stone or concrete. Johkoh T, et al. invasions. Rossi SE, et al. Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis. A chest CT showed a crazy-paving pattern. DISCUSSION: PAP is thought to result from either overproduction of surfactant by type II pneumocytes or impaired clearance by alveolar macrophages. The ground-glass attenuation reflects the low-density intraalveolar material (glycoprotein), whereas the superimposed reticular attenuation is due to infil-tration of the interstitium by inflammatory or tu-mor cells (12,13). The crazy-paving pattern is initially described as the pathognomonic sign of alveolar proteinosis. Reference: 1. Correlations with reticulation are less unequivocal and could correspond to interstitial disease (lipoproteinaceous interstitial accumulation, inflammation or oedema) or lipoproteinaceous alveolar accumulation on the edges of the lobules [21]. Nowadays this pattern is a common finding on high-resolution CT imaging, and can be seen in a number of acute and chronic diseases. Very rarely, it also displays a “crazy paving” pattern (also described as a “paving stone,”“flagstone,” or “slabstone” pattern), which is rarer still in discrete bilateral nodules. Pulmonary, Alveolar Proteinosis. 18.1. Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol. PAP. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare pulmonary disease characterised by alveolar accumulation of surfactant. Department of Radiology; 2. What is the crazy paving pattern? It was first described in the late 1980s in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, but has now been described in association with at least 15 pulmonary diseases. 2010; 51(4):407-12 (ISSN: 1600-0455) Choi HK; Park CM; Goo JM; Lee HJ. Idiopathic Disorders Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis The purpose of this paper is to illustrate different diseases that cause this crazy-paving pattern and to correlate the radiological findings from computed tomography with the histopathological findings. 5A, 5B). Nowadays this pattern is a common finding on high-resolution CT imaging, and can be seen in a number of acute and chronic diseases. 17. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis versus exogenous lipoid pneumonia showing crazy-paving pattern: Comparison of their clinical features and high-resolution CT fi ndings H EI KYUNG C HOI C HANG MIN PARK, JIN MO G OO& H YUN JU L EE Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, … images of the lung tissue and may reveal a “crazy paving” pattern. The differential diagnosis for the “crazy-paving sign” is actually quite large and goes well beyond Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP). The finding is seen in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, and other diseases. No source of funding or conflict of interest. A chest CT showed a crazy-paving pattern… Chest CT scan of a patient with autoimmune PAP. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis Sandeep M Patel MD1, Hiroshi Sekiguchi MD 2, Jordan P Reynolds MD3, ... ‘crazy-paving’ pattern that need to be considered and ruled out before making a diagnosis of PAP? crazy paving pattern typical of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (fi gure). Crazy paving refers to a pattern seen on computed tomography of the chest, involving lobular septal thickening with variable alveolar filling. Crazy paving pattern may be seen in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, lipoid pneumonia, pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, sarcoidosis, nonspecific interstitial pneumonia, silicosis, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, adult respiratory distress syndrome, and others 1, 2. Conflict of Interest. Chest CT Scan. Both processes lead to the accumulation of surfactant-rich material within alveoli i.e. Anti-granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (anti-GM-CSF) antibody concentrations, the gold standard for diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, is not available in South Africa. 200, P16-P17, 2019 There is often geographic sparing of secondary lobules and periphery of the lung. Request PDF | Crazy Paving in Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis | A 34-year-old man presented with dyspnea and a nonproductive cough. Imaging description The classic appearance of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is symmetric, predominately perihilar, ground-glass opacity with intralobular linear opacities and interlobular septal thickening (“crazy-paving” pattern) [1–3] (Figures 19.1–19.4). Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis versus exogenous lipoid pneumonia showing crazy-paving pattern: Comparison of their clinical features and high-resolution CT findings. However, this pattern has subsequently been reported in a variety of pulmonary diseases and is now considered to be nonspecific. Its name comes from its resemblance to irregular paving stones, called crazy pavings… Crazy-paving. Acta Radiol. The crazy-paving pattern is a linear pattern superimposed on a background of ground-glass opacity, resembling irregularly shaped paving stones. Crazy paving radiography finding in asymptomatic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis Young Rak Choi, You-Jin Chang, Si Wook Kim, Kang Hyeon Choe, Ki Man Lee, and Jin-Young An Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals 2014 23 : 5 , 588-590 24–26 It was first used to describe the pattern of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, but can be seen in a variety of diseases. manifest as a crazy-paving pattern (Fig 4). An award-winning, radiologic teaching site for medical students and those starting out in radiology focusing on chest, GI, cardiac and musculoskeletal diseases containing hundreds of lectures, quizzes, hand-out notes, interactive material, most commons lists and pictorial differential diagnoses . This pattern is considered to be caused by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, but its association with various diseases is unclear. Abstract. Reticulations are superimposed on ground-glass opacities forming a “crazy paving” pattern with a geographic distribution: juxtaposition of healthy and sick zones . Background: Although pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ELP) require different treatment strategies, both manifest as a crazy-paving pattern on CT and often have similar clinical manifestations and radiologic features. In the lung, melanoma is mostly arranged as patterns of multiple nodules, solitary nodules, or miliary invasions. She was severely hypoxemic, so we recommended whole lung lavage or inhaled granulocyte … ground glass opacities superimposed on a reticular pattern as the so-called ‘crazy paving’ pattern. Her chest computed tomography scan showed a bilateral crazy-paving pattern in both of her lungs. Axial CT scan showing extensive areas of ground-glass attenuation and diffuse interlobular septal thickening in both lungs in a patient with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Although the majority of patients with PAP will have a CT consistent with the crazy paving pattern, this radiographic pattern is by no means specific to PAP. Radiographics 2003;23:1509. CONCLUSION: Crazy paving pattern caused by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis displayed clear edges, and smooth reticular opacities, most of which were due to hemangiectasis of interlobular, interacinar and interalveolar septa. - Our case is a patient with biopsy proven pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed, and a diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis was made. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is an example of these processes with its typical radiological findings including ground glass opacities, parenchymal consolidation, and reticuloseptal reticulations leading to a non‐specific but characteristic crazy paving pattern. Fig. Very rarely, it also displays a “crazy paving” pattern (also described as a “paving stone,” “flagstone,” or “slabstone” pattern), which is rarer still in discrete bilateral nodules. Saved by Nicole Miller. 2. It may result from mutations in surfactant proteins or granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptor genes, it may be secondary to toxic inhalation or haematological disorders, or it may be auto-immune, with anti-GM-CSF antibodies blocking … Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease of abnormal surfactant production and accumulation. Although this pattern is suggestive of the diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, this pattern can be seen in several air-space and interstitial diseases . Crazy-paving Appearance at Thin-Section CT: Spectrum of Disease and Pathologic Findings. The “crazy paving” pattern 12 is described at HRCT of the lungs . A nonproductive cough a characteristic appearance of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis | a 34-year-old man presented with dyspnea and diagnosis! 12 is described at HRCT of the lung, melanoma is mostly arranged as patterns of multiple nodules, miliary. Ct are helpful for the specific diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, can. Reported in a number of acute and chronic diseases diffuse interlobular septal thickening in both of Her lungs was! Production and accumulation unique to PAP ground-glass opacities forming a “ crazy paving ’ accumulation of surfactant type. So-Called ‘ crazy paving ’ pattern 24–26 It was first used to describe pattern... 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Rarely observed lung pathology that causes ‘ crazy paving ” pattern crazy-paving sign ” actually... Presented with dyspnea and a nonproductive cough sign ” is actually quite large and well!

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