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"Excavations at Garni, 1949–50", p. 29 in, The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, "VII Symposium on Apricot Culture and Decline", "Prunus sibirica Siberian Apricot PFAF Plant Database", "Production Quantities of Apricots by Country in 2017; Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity from picklists", "Profiling Taste and Aroma Compound Metabolism during Apricot Fruit Development and Ripening", "Apricot Farmers Struggling in Armenia amid Crop Failure", "More on Armenia's Bitter Apricot Harvest", "Chinese Confucian culture and the medical ethical tradition", "All Over The World, Thirsty Muslims Have Their Ramadan Go-To Drinks", "Superstitions Abound at Camp As Soldiers Await War in Iraq", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Apricot&oldid=991031165, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 22:13. [12] Subsequent sources were often confused about the origin of the species. For example, Belgian arborist Baron de Poerderlé, writing in the 1770s, asserted, "Cet arbre tire son nom de l'Arménie, province d'Asie, d'où il est originaire et d'où il fut porté en Europe ..." ("this tree takes its name from Armenia, province of Asia, where it is native, and whence it was brought to Europe ..."). Apricot, (Prunus armeniaca), stone fruit of the family Rosaceae (order Rosales), closely related to peaches, almonds, plums, and cherries. Apricot is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows best in well-drained … The plant leaves are oval and finely serrated, and the 5-petaled white flowers grow in clusters. [29] The term "expert of the apricot grove" (杏林高手) is still used as a poetic reference to physicians. They are typically yellow or orange, with a slight tinge of red on one side. The apricot tree, Prunus armeniaca; A pale yellow-orange colour, like that of an apricot … Free UK delivery on orders £30 and … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. For instance, the classical word 杏 壇 (literally: "apricot altar") (xìng tán 杏坛) which means "educational circle", is still widely used in written language. They have a soft, tangy flesh beneath a thin outer skin. It is believed that the first apricots originated in India possibly as far back as 3000 BC. How to Add Apricots to Your Diet. Apricot trees grow up to 9 m in height. Stir in orange juice. Apricots are propagated by budding on peach or apricot rootstocks, and peaches, plums, and apricots may be readily intergrafted. The apricot was originally domesticated in China but is now cultivated on every continent except Antarctica. Originates from Michigan, introduced in 1967. Some apricot cultivars are self-compatible, so do not require pollinizer trees; others are not: 'Moongold' and 'Sungold', for example, must be planted in pairs so they can pollinate each other. Apricots are small, golden orange fruits, with velvety skin and flesh: not too juicy but definitely smooth and sweet. Apricot kernels (seeds) contain amygdalin, a poisonous compound. Dried date, peach, apricot, and stones. Chuang Tzu, a Chinese philosopher in the fourth century BC, told a story that Confucius taught his students in a forum surrounded by the wood of apricot trees. Mariani Ultimate Dried Apricots -48oz (Pack of 1) –Intense Flavor and Aroma, No Sugar Added, Glute… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Grilled Maple-Butter Apricots with Vanilla Ice Cream. The best all-weather (rain, wind, snow) jacket ever built. The fact that apricot season is short has given rise to the common Egyptian Arabic and Palestinian Arabic expression filmishmish ("in apricot [season]") or bukra filmishmish ("tomorrow in apricot [season]"), generally uttered as a riposte to an unlikely prediction, or as a rash promise to fulfill a request. Omissions? I love apricot juice as the base for this curry dish. [11], Other sources say that the apricot was first cultivated in India around 3000 BC. The many varieties and species of apricot differ in flavor, color, a… Apricot offers a secure, flexible, and easy-to-use solution for everything from case management to donor management to volunteer tracking, and even outcomes management. It is believed that the first apricots originated in India possibly as far back as 3000 BC. Apricot Tree Facts. The apricot belongs to the rose family, along with peaches and almonds. Apricot Almond Pilaf A sumptuous but easy Persian-inspired dish. Fungal diseases include brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola: infection of the blossom by rainfall leads to "blossom wilt"[19] whereby the blossoms and young shoots turn brown and die; the twigs die back in a severe attack; brown rot of the fruit is due to Monilinia infection later in the season. When apricots are dried, the relative concentration of nutrients is increased, with vitamin A, vitamin E, potassium, and iron having Daily Values above 25% (table). Very nutritious and low in calories. Most varieties withstand winter cold as well as peaches, but the blossom buds, opening earlier than those of the peach, are frequently killed by late freezes. Overview Information Apricot is the fruit from an apricot tree. The fruit and fruit juice are used as medicine. Stir in water until smooth. Recent Examples on the Web The Japanese flowering apricot (Prunus mume) is a smaller version of the cherry tree, but blooms four to six weeks before the Tidal Basin cherries. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Shop dresses, tops & jumpsuits for effortless glamour and playful prints. Hi Anonymous – I think the best place for that feedback is … Chicken drumsticks are an economical meat option, but any bone-in pieces would do. Other apricot–plum hybrids are variously called plumcots, apriplums, pluots, or apriums. Thoroughly designed for keeping you warm and dry through any adventure, this lightweight and breathable top seller has become the favorite coat of over 15,000 backers via our Kickstarter campaign (v1.0). The apricot tree, Prunus armeniaca; A pale yellow-orange colour, like that of an apricot fruit. Define apricot. The edible orange-yellow fruit of this tree. Meanwhile, in a bowl, cream the sugar, butter and egg. The fruits have almost uniform size, 4-5 cm in diameter, and weigh about 35 g. [7] An archaeological excavation at Garni in Armenia found apricot seeds in a Chalcolithic-era site. The flesh is usually firm and not very juicy. Our next-door neighbor Pat has several apricot trees, now laden with fruit so ripe they are dropping off the tree, bopping you on the head if you aren’t careful. noun the downy, yellow, sometimes rosy fruit, somewhat resembling a small peach, of the tree Prunus armeniaca. apricot synonyms, apricot pronunciation, apricot translation, English dictionary definition of apricot. For other uses, see, Arakelyan, B. Learn more. [28] The association with medicine in turn comes from the common use of apricot kernels as a component in traditional Chinese medicine, and from the story of Dong Feng (董奉), a physician during the Three Kingdoms period, who required no payment from his patients except that they plant apricot trees in his orchard upon recovering from their illnesses, resulting in a large grove of apricot trees and a steady supply of medicinal ingredients. The cultivar scion provides the fruit characteristics, such as flavour and size, but the rootstock provides the growth characteristics of the plant. Dieback of branches in the summer is attributed to the fungus Eutypa lata, where examination of the base of the dead branch reveals a canker surrounding a pruning wound. The recipe comes from the owner of a popular restaurant in our state's famous Lancaster County.—Shirley Leister, West Chester, Pennsylvania [citation needed]. Rosewater can be found in Middle Eastern groceries and in many large supermarkets. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, a 100-gram serving of apricot has 48 calories, 1.40 grams protein, 0.39 grams fat, 11.12 grams carbs, 2 grams fibre, and 9.20 grams of sugar. Apricot trees grow up to 9 m in height. The blushed orange, velvety skinned apricot has been cultivated for centuries and is an important food in many international cuisines. The plant leaves are oval and finely serrated, and the 5-petaled white flowers grow in clusters. The seeds (also called kernels) of several varieties are sweet, though they are poisonous until roasted. In the US Marines it is considered exceptionally bad luck to eat or possess apricots,[32] especially near tanks. In the middle of the apricot is a large pit, which is inedible, so be careful when taking that first big bite. n. 1. a. Its flesh is typically a rich yellow to yellowish orange. Apricots, scientifically known as Prunus armeniaca, are small drupes that resemble and are closely related to peaches or plums. [10] Beginning in about the seventh century, apricots in China have been preserved by various methods, including salting and smoking, and the more common drying. Updates? Its taste can range from sweet to tart. An apricot variety that can withstand cold winters. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The apricot is the national fruit of Armenia, mostly growing in the Ararat plain. Apricot, (Prunus armeniaca), stone fruit of the family Rosaceae (order Rosales), closely related to peaches, almonds, plums, and cherries. Since 1946, the Gonzales family has grown the rare and fabulous California Blenheim apricots. "Moon of the Religion"), a thick apricot drink that is a popular fixture at Iftar during Ramadan. Protect data integrity and streamline day-to-day workflows by notifying staff of uncompleted tasks or updates within Apricot. The single seed is enclosed in a hard, stony shell, often called a "stone" or "kernel", with a grainy, smooth texture except for three ridges running down one side. The tree is slightly more cold-hardy than the peach, tolerating winter temperatures as cold as −30 °C (−22 °F) or lower if healthy. What to Look For: For the best flavor, seek out local fruit, and look for those that are deep orange, fairly plump, and soft enough to yield to gentle pressure (but not mushy). n. 1. a. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Peaches are generally larger than apricots; according to info from the US Department of Agriculture, a medium peach is about 2-inches in diameter while an apricot is about a quarter of the size. Stir in orange juice. [19], According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, world production of apricots in 2017 was 4.3 million tonnes, led by Turkey with 23% of the world total (table). Furthermore, the trees are sensitive to temperature changes during the winter season. Apricots have been grown in China since 1000 BC. Peaches are generally larger than apricots; according to info from the US Department of Agriculture, a medium peach is about 2-inches in diameter while an apricot is about a quarter of the … Call it old-fashioned, comforting or mouthwatering—all those descriptions fit this down-home apricot cobbler. [3], The apricot is a small tree, 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 40 cm (16 in) in diameter and a dense, spreading canopy. [citation needed], Egyptians usually dry apricots, add sweetener, and then use them to make a drink called amar al-dīn. Other major producers (in descending order) were Uzbekistan, Italy, Algeria, and Iran.[17]. …of the country’s fruit, notably apricots, and produces preserves, syrups, and liqueurs in large quantity, notably Kecskemét apricot brandy (. Meanwhile, in a bowl, cream the sugar, butter and egg. Some people think of the flavor as being somewhere between a peach and a plum, fruits to which they're closely related. Apricots are cultivated throughout the temperate regions of the world, especially in the Mediterranean. apricot synonyms, apricot pronunciation, apricot translation, English dictionary definition of apricot. An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits). Combine flour, baking powder, baking soda and salt; stir into creamed … 99 ($17.99/Count) Most of modern American production of apricots comes from the seedlings carried to the West Coast by Spanish missionaries. [1], Apricot first appeared in English in the 16th century as abrecock from the Middle French, aubercot, or later from Portuguese, albricoque. [6], The origin of the apricot is disputed; it was known in Armenia during ancient times, and has been cultivated there for so long that it is often thought to have originated there. The trees are quite drought-resistant and under favourable growing conditions are long-lived, some living 100 years or longer. apricot meaning: 1. a small, round, soft fruit with a pale orange, furry skin 2. a pale orange colour 3. a small…. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Hi Rita – thanks for the cobbler recipe! Almost all U.S. commercial production is in California, with some in Washington and Utah.[15]. Shop dresses, tops & jumpsuits for effortless glamour and playful prints. Apricot tree growing is suitable in … And yes, some apricots really do look like miniature peaches, fuzzy skin and all, but the taste of apricots is different than that of peaches. The downy, orange-red drupe (fruit) ripens in late summer and has a fleshy outer layer and inner hard stone containing the seed (kernel). They have a soft, tangy flesh beneath a thin outer skin. Since 1946, the Gonzales family has grown the rare and fabulous California Blenheim apricots. The leaves are bright green in colour and are held erect on the twigs. Like most tasty fruits, the apricot can be eaten in multiple ways. Some of the more popular US apricot cultivars are 'Blenheim', 'Wenatchee Moorpark', 'Tilton', and 'Perfection'. Hi Sue – Great idea on the brandy for jam. On average, bitter apricot kernels contain about 5% amygdalin and sweet kernels about 0.9% amygdalin. Archaeological evidence shows that apricots were eaten in ancient Armenia, and they were first introduced to the New World in the early 18th century by Spanish missionaries in California. The apricot is native to China and Japan but is also cultivated in warmer, temperate regions of the world, including Turkey, Iran, southern Europe, South Africa, Australia, and California. The apricot belongs to the rose family, along with peaches and almonds. Fact: grilled desserts are the … The apricot is native to China and Japan but is also cultivated in warmer, temperate regions of the world, including Turkey, Iran, southern Europe, South Africa, Australia, and California. Organic fruit not treated with sulfur dioxide is darker in color and has a coarser texture. Apricots, scientifically known as Prunus armeniaca, are small drupes that resemble and are closely related to peaches or plums. The tree succeeds in a well-drained loamy soil, preferably light rather than heavy. Since a typical apricot kernel weighs 600 mg, bitter and sweet varieties contain, respectively, 1.8 and 0.3 mg of cyanide. What to Look For: For the best flavor, seek out local fruit, and look for those that are deep orange, fairly plump, and … Apricots have a chilling requirement of 300 to 900 chilling units. In 2011, the top five producers of apricots were Turkey, Iran, Uzbekistan, Italy, and Algeria. Apricot is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows best in well-drained mountain slope soils. [27], The Chinese associate the apricot with education and medicine. Corrections? Fact: grilled desserts are the … [25][26] It is often depicted on souvenirs. Alexander the Great introduced apricots to Greece from China, and the apricot … For example, hot weather as experienced in California's Central Valley often causes pit burn, a condition of soft and brown fruit around the pit. These values correspond to 0.3% and 0.05% of cyanide. Grown on our Hollister ranch, we continue to be the farmer, pruner, dryer, packer, and seller of the vanishing Blenheim apricot. Thoroughly designed for keeping you warm and dry through any adventure, this lightweight and breathable top seller has become the favorite coat of … They tend to all ripen at once, yielding many more apricots than one or two people can reasonably eat … Timeless & trend-led women’s fashion in high quality fabrics for the chic & the modern woman. Their flavor is almost musky, with a faint tartness that is more pronounced when the fruit is dried. Hybridisors have created what is known as a "black apricot" or "purple apricot", (Prunus dasycarpa), a hybrid of an apricot and the cherry plum (Prunus cerasifera). An apricot variety that can withstand cold winters. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Spray a 9 by 13 by 2-inch metal baking dish with vegetable oil cooking spray. Bitter Apricot Kernels Organic Raw (1LB)-100% USDA Organic Certified– Bitter Apricot Seeds Organic Raw - Made in Turkey (Free Electronic Book) 4.6 out of 5 stars 1,471 $17.99 $ 17 . Over rice, this is a complete meal. Dried apricots are a type of traditional dried fruit. Soak apricots in warm water for 30 minutes. In China, winters can be very cold, but temperatures tend to be more stable than in Europe and especially North America, where large temperature swings can occur in winter. [12], Its introduction to Greece is attributed to Alexander the Great. The many varieties and species of apricot differ in flavor, color, a… With this comprehensive tool, increasing efficiency and proving your impact is a breeze. Apricot Tree Facts. Line the bottom and sides of the pan with parchment paper. [citation needed], In England during the 17th century, apricot oil was used in herbalism treatments intended to act against tumors, swelling, and ulcers. Soak apricots in warm water for 30 minutes. [8] Its scientific name Prunus armeniaca (Armenian plum) derives from that assumption. From bed linen to bath products, mattress protectors to curtains, bed sheets to cushions, find an extensive list of home furnishing products only at apricot.com.pk We have a wide range of bed and bath linen, where you can find the perfect ones for your home. Raw apricots are a moderate source of vitamin A and vitamin C (12% of the Daily Value each). Spray the parchment paper with vegetable oil cooking spray and set aside. Apricots are very nutritious and contain many essential vitamins … Apricots are a good source of vitamin A and are high in natural-sugar content. The leaves are ovate, 5–9 cm (2.0–3.5 in) long, and 4–8 cm (1.6–3.1 in) wide, with a rounded base, a pointed tip, and a finely serrated margin. [22] When treated with sulfur dioxide (E220), the color is vivid orange. Apricots are small, golden orange fruits, with velvety skin and flesh: not too juicy but definitely smooth and sweet. Apricot cultivars are usually grafted onto plum or peach rootstocks. We produce the best tasting apricots in the world all "Home Grown in the Flavor Zone"! Dried apricots are an excellent source of iron. Researchers bred this tree in Michigan’s snow belt, so you can depend on its hardiness, vigor and production consistency, even in areas with lower … The downy, orange-red drupe (fruit) ripens in late summer and has a fleshy outer layer and inner hard stone containing the seed (kernel). They are typically yellow or orange, with a slight tinge of red on one side. In Middle Eastern and North African cuisines, apricots are used to make Qamar al-Din (lit. [33] This superstition has been documented since at least the Vietnam War and is often cited as originating in World War II. They are eaten fresh or cooked and are preserved by Some people think of the flavor as being somewhere between a peach and a plum, fruits to which they're closely related. Connect Updates In a 100-gram amount, raw apricots supply 48 Calories and are composed of 11% carbohydrates, 1% protein, less than 1% fat, and 86% water (table). Similar in shape to a peach, the fruit is nearly smooth, round to oblong in some varieties, and somewhat flattened but with little to no hairiness when ripe. [14], In the 17th century, English settlers brought the apricot to the English colonies in the New World. An apricot (US: /ˈæprɪkɒt/ (listen), UK: /ˈeɪprɪkɒt/ (listen)) is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits). In a saucepan, combine sugar, cornstarch, cinnamon and nutmeg. Apricots contain various phytochemicals, such as provitamin A beta-carotene and polyphenols, including catechins and chlorogenic acid. [9]A large variety of apricots, around 50, are grown in Armenia today. [18] Bacterial diseases include bacterial spot and crown gall. The Apricot is a consumable food item that gives the Well Fed buff. Qamar al-Din is believed to originate in Damascus, Syria, where the variety of apricots most suitable for the drink was first grown.[30][31]. Learn more. apricot (plural apricots) A round sweet and juicy stone fruit, resembling peach or plum in taste, with a yellow-orange flesh, lightly fuzzy skin and a large seed inside. Apricot trees are small and spreading, with broad ovate leaves that have pointed tips. Apricot definition, the downy, yellow, sometimes rosy fruit, somewhat resembling a small peach, of the tree Prunus armeniaca. Directions. Mariani Ultimate Dried Apricots -48oz (Pack of 1) –Intense Flavor and Aroma, No Sugar Added, Glute… Bitter Apricot Kernels Organic Raw (1LB)-100% USDA Organic Certified– Bitter Apricot Seeds Organic Raw - Made in Turkey (Free Electronic Book) 4.6 out of 5 stars 1,471 $17.99 $ 17 . Apricot Makes Case Management Easier and Smarter than Ever. Grown on our Hollister ranch, we continue to be the farmer, pruner, dryer, packer, and seller of the vanishing Blenheim apricot… The world's largest producer of dried apricots is Turkey. Apricot definition: An apricot is a small, soft , round fruit with yellowish-orange flesh and a stone inside... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Usually, an apricot tree is from the species P. armeniaca, but the species P. brigantina, P. mandshurica, P. mume, P. zhengheensis, and P. sibirica are closely related, have similar fruit, and are also called apricots. [4][5], A 2019 genetic study concludes that apricots were independently domesticated three times, twice in Central Asia and once in China, with extensive cross-pollination between wild and domesticated species across Eurasia. The Turkish idiom bundan iyisi Şam'da kayısı (literally, "the only thing better than this is an apricot in Damascus") means "it doesn't get any better than this". This lasts for 5 minutes, but can be canceled at any time by right-clicking the icon () or by double-tapping the buff icon … They are eaten fresh or cooked and are preserved by canning or drying. The self-pollinated flowers are white in full bloom and borne singly or doubly at a node on very short stems. If I get my act together, I’ll be making apricot jam very soon and will have to try it out.

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