princeton university chapel history

Henry Gurdon Marquand, a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, was the principal donor for the Marquand Chapel, which was built in 1881. [7] The latter was sculpted by Robert Baker. Milliner, Matthew J. The chapel seats almost 2,000 people. in American Culture from Northwestern University and a Ph.D. in History from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. (Cram was not a Yale alumnus and in fact did not attend college, so it is unclear what interest he might have had promoting Yale. Chapel Choir. The Princeton University Chapel Choir rehearses, provides music for the weekly service, and performs occasional concerts in the chapel. "[6], The chapel is approximately the size of a small medieval English cathedral. At its founding in 1746, Princeton University, then named the College of New Jersey, was located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth, and soon afterwards moved to a sister church in Newark. Measured on the exterior, it is 277 feet (84 m) long, 76 feet (23 m) wide at its transepts, and 121 feet (37 m) high. [12] The construction cost about $2.3 million and was completed in 1928. [7] The exterior is constructed largely from Pennsylvania sandstone, with Indiana limestone used for the trim. Sound-absorbing tile is mounted on parts of the wall and vault. The chapel is beautiful and very large. "[2] Kessler calls the stained glass "a summa of the heritage of Christianity up to the early twentieth century. The chapel's extensive iconography consists of stained glass, stonemasonry, and wood carvings. [21] Leading the ceremony, then-Dean of Religious Life Thomas Breidenthal said, "This edifice is unmistakably Christian, [but] this chapel is meant to belong to all of us. Completed in 1928, it is the third largest university chapel in the world. History One of the great religious edifices in the United States It is in the Chapel that the University comes together as a community. [40] Another inscription, from Psalm 100, refers to Westminster Choir College, which holds its commencement ceremonies in the chapel. * African Americans and Princeton University: A Brief History, 1/7/2019, Princeton University Library ... University Chapel (right) was opened in 1928 and seats nearly 2,000, making it the third largest university chapel in world. The campuses are situated about one hour from both New York City and Philadelphia. [6] The construction received considerable media attention,[11] as it promised to be the largest university chapel in the United States and the second largest in the world after King's College Chapel, Cambridge. The Educational Technologies Center of Princeton University. "[22], The chapel's Collegiate Gothic design evokes an English church of the Middle Ages,[6][23] although several aspects of it, including the vault and its supports, recall French churches. The gallery above the narthex is at the level of the triforium. [24] Stillwell cites Exeter Cathedral and the Octagon tower of Ely Cathedral as precedents for the architectural detail, but notes that the Princeton chapel's detail nonetheless differs significantly from these. [29] Cram resigned as Princeton's supervising architect over the inclusion of the arch, which he disliked;[30] nonetheless, he participated in the chapel's 1928 dedication ceremony. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages through its construction, dedication, and long use. Contact UsThe Rev. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages through its construction, dedication, and long use. The only university chapel of its size at the time it was built was King's College Chapel at the University of Cambridge. Extraordinarily beautiful is the Princeton Museum of Art. [6] Albert M. Friend, a faculty member in Princeton's Department of Art and Archaeology, played a central role in planning the iconography. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages … [47], The choir, named Milbank Choir for Elizabeth Milbank Anderson[48] is elevated by several steps. [77] It is overseen by the Dean of the Chapel. XII", "A Princeton Companion: Chapel, The University", "Keeping the faith: When Martin Luther King Jr. spoke in the Chapel 50 years ago", "Features: Chapel gets facelift and new dean", "Restoration secures chapel at Ivy League campus", "Making 10,000 miles of stained glass gleam", "Evergreen beauty of campus gardens thrives year round", "A Princeton Companion: Mather Sundial, The", "Some Architectural and Spiritual Aspects of the Chapel", "Interesting Details of the Chapel Stone Carving (photo caption)", "Letters to the editor: Tales of Orange Key", "Veterans Day event includes flag rededication", "Connick Windows in Princeton, New Jersey 2011", "A Princeton Companion: Stevenson, Adlai Ewing", "Westminster Choir College commencement information", "A Princeton Companion: Baccalaureate Address, The", "The Princeton University chapels: an architectural and religious history", The Aquinas Institute: Catholic Campus Ministry at Princeton University, official website, School of Engineering and Applied Science, School of Public and International Affairs, Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy and Finance, Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination, Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies, 1869 New Jersey vs. Rutgers football game, Witherspoon Street School for Colored Children, Princeton International School of Mathematics and Science, Princeton Community Japanese Language School, National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, New Jersey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Princeton_University_Chapel&oldid=1001496449, University and college chapels in the United States, Historic district contributing properties in Mercer County, New Jersey, Short description is different from Wikidata, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 6. It also hosts several annual special events, such as baccalaureate services and commencements. Stillwell describes the iconography around the Blessed Sacrament Chapel but makes no mention of it per se. The University also owns some property in West Windsor Township. The epic windows reinforce the idea of a "Catholic north" and a "Protestant south": Catholics wrote the north epics and Protestants the south epics. However, by the end of the Civil War a new chapel was needed because the number of undergraduates had doubled. [23] The south aisle features five window bays, while the north has four;[42] where the easternmost bay would be is the entrance to a side chapel called the Blessed Sacrament Chapel. [2], The chapel's iconography pays tribute in places to the other Abrahamic religions. It changed hands several times before Hibben obtained it for the chapel. [7] It resembles the tympanum of the Royal Portal of Chartres Cathedral. An ordained minister, Hibben hoped the new chapel's majesty would inspire students to attend services of their own volition. It replaces an older chapel that burned down in 1920. [15] Despite the complexity of the work, the chapel remained open throughout the restoration. [78], The Office of Religious Life calls the chapel "the home of regular religious services for many of the university's faith groups, including the 264-year-old ecumenical Christian worshiping community [...] that founded Princeton in 1746. [43] Images of figures connected to music are carved into the front (west), where the choir would sit, and images of scholars are carved into the back (east), where faculty would sit. Princeton University Chapel: A piece of History - See 161 traveler reviews, 105 candid photos, and great deals for Princeton, NJ, at Tripadvisor. Martin Luther King Jr., delivered a sermon there in 1960. [34], The tympanum above the west entrance depicts Jesus as described in the Book of Revelation, together with the four beasts and other relevant iconography. [29] Beneath the figure of Christ is Princeton University's shield, illustrating the university's motto, Dei sub numine viget ("Under the power of God she flourishes"). This is true at Opening Exercises, Baccalaureate, and annual memorial services for alumni and staff of the University. (2007). Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, "Princeton University: An Interactive Campus History, 1746-1996. The Chapel of St. Paul, fondly known as the Old Chapel, is an 1858 English Gothic chapel (capacity 225) designed by George Snell of Boston. [25] Running west to east, the main sanctuary consists of a narthex, a gallery, a nave, two transepts joined by a crossing, and an elevated choir;[38] it seats almost 2,000. In this week’s installment of our ongoing series bringing you the history of Princeton University and its faculty, students, and alumni, the University Chapel is dedicated, a professor spirits a Chinese dissident to safety, and more. "[79] Though the university was once closely associated with the Presbyterian Church, it has never been affiliated with any religious denomination. Now with new color photos throughout from photographer Noel Valero, "The Chapel of Princeton University" traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 23:27. Its French Renaissance style suggests that it was made during the reign of Henry II. Princeton University built the chapel to replace the Marquand Chapel, which stood between where the present chapel and McCosh Hall stand until it burned to the ground in 1920. Our Chapels. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", pp. organ, which was completely renovated in 1991. A private individual purchased it shortly before the confiscation of church property during the French Revolution. [43], Large stained glass windows due to Connick[66] in the walls of the choir retell four "Christian epics": the Divine Comedy and Le Morte d'Arthur on the north wall and Paradise Lost and Pilgrim's Progress on the south wall. Designed in 1921 by Ralph Adams Cram in his signature Collegiate Gothic style, it was built by the university between 1924 and 1928 at a cost of $2.3 million. Skinner invented the contra fagotto stop for the Princeton chapel organ in response to a request by Princeton's director of music. Our History. Princeton University Chapel | Closed due to COVID-19 While it is quiet, as it should be, it is anything but small. This arrangement lasted until 1847, when a separate building was constructed on the site of East Pyne. [6] Hibben led the dedication ceremony on May 31 of that year, in an elaborate ceremony covered by TIME.[12][13]. Now with new color photos throughout, The Chapel of Princeton University traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. Princeton University built the chapel to replace the Marquand Chapel, which stood between where the present chapel and McCosh Hall stand until it burned to the ground in 1920. [79] According to Milliner, Princeton's is the second-tallest by height of the nave at the crossing; the tallest is King's College Chapel at the University of Cambridge. Princeton Weekly Bulletin P29.737.12, Oversize P11.73.2f The Princeton Weekly Bulletin is a weekly events listing for the Princeton campus. [29], Measured in the interior, the chapel is 249 feet (76 m) long, 93.5 feet (28 m) wide at its transepts, and 78.5 feet (24 m) high at the crossing. [43][44] The pews in the nave are constructed from wood originally intended for Civil War gun carriages; over 100 carvers spent more than a year producing the intricate carvings. The style conformed with the tudor Gothic that had been adopted for Blair Hall in 1897 as well as other buildings that were constructed during the succeeding several decades. When completed in 1928 at a cost of more than two million dollars, this imposing college chapel, capable of seating two thousand, was second in size only to the chapel at King’s College, Cambridge University. Abraham himself is depicted in a stained glass window on the north side of the nave, together with a Star of David, a Christian cross, and a star and crescent. Latin: Universitas Princetoniensis: Former names. It is a strikingly beautiful building with stained glass windows. [88], The exterior of the Chapel seen from the southeast, with the Mather Sundial in the foreground, Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 4. Its size and design evoke a small cathedral of the English Middle Ages. The Deans are also joined by an array of nationally known guest preachers throughout the year and Princeton University students act as Chapel Deacons, assisting the Deans in leading the weekly worship. The chapel underwent a two-year, $10 million restoration between 2000 and 2002. A nondenominational chapel, it hosts weekly ecumenical Christian services and daily Catholic Masses. The only precedent for a university chapel of this size was King's College Chapel, and only a small part of that chapel was used regularly. [12] Nearby is the Mather Sundial, a replica of the Turnbull Sundial in the courtyard of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. It has also been a bridge between town and gown, and between the several academic communities of Princeton. The chapel also hosts several annual special events. Princeton's religious heritage is exemplified in the imposing and elegant University Chapel, the third largest college chapel in the world. Two staircases on the east and west of the narthex lead to an upper gallery, which looks out upon the nave. The configuration and its proportions are typical of English churches, but the nave's vaulted ceiling and the colonnettes supporting it recall French churches. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5. The iconography was planned by Albert M. Friend, a faculty member in Princeton's Department of Art and Archaeology, with the goal of portraying, in one scholar's words, a "synthesis between Christian faith and modern thought."[2]. 2000s; 1900s; 1800s; 1700s; 1600s; 2018. "[33] Ardolino is credited as executing all of the building's stone carving. The altar and the choir stalls were built and carved by Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, in Sherwood Forest oak;[49] Cram speculated that the wood may have dated from the time of Robin Hood. Therefore, our private excursions to Princeton are very popular and attract thousands of travelers annually. [50] According to Stillwell, the woodwork "represents an outstanding example of American craftsmanship. Chartered in 1746, Princeton is the fourth-oldest college in the United States. Four large stained glass windows are found in the main sanctuary. It was built between 1925 and 1928 with donations from alumni and friends to replace the Marquand Chapel, which had been destroyed by fire. List of 1 items. [35], The exterior iconography includes two notable whimsical elements. Read more . An altar stands at the far east end. The main sanctuary consists of a narthex, a gallery, a nave, two transepts joined by a crossing, and an elevated choir. The chapel is cruciform and is built on the scale of a large parish church or a small cathedral. The Chapel of St. Paul. [19][20], Following the restoration, the chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in which people belonging to Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism gave prayers. The location for the new chapel was chosen for two reasons: symbolically, the new chapel would rise from the ashes of the old one, and practically, it would locate the new chapel centrally as the campus expanded eastward. Its magnificent Mander-Skinner organ, which was completely renovated in 1991, provides excellent accompaniment for the superb sixty-voice choir and for other concerts and occasions, including the several ceremonial, non-denominational events that the University holds here each year. The chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in 2002 following a major two-year restoration. Tel: (609) 258-3047  | Fax:  (609) 258-2686, © 2021 The Trustees of Princeton University, Today, enhanced by its elegant beauty and charm, the Chapel has been an attractive site for frequent weddings and memorial services for alumni, faculty, and many other friends of the University. Each summer begins with a formal Opening Ceremony in the Princeton University Chapel where new scholars and families are welcomed to the community and returning scholars renew their commitments to their academic and collegiate goals. This chapel was destroyed by fire during house party weekend in 1920, and, for several years, worship services were held in Alexander Hall, the place where Professor Woodrow Wilson had delivered his address “Princeton in the Nation’s Service.”. [2] Connick designed the windows in consultation with Friend, but they were made by others after the former's death. Milliner notes that images of historical and legendary people carved into the choir's woodwork "reflect the intended seating during a Chapel ceremony". In the sermon he called for universal brotherhood and a life of spiritual richness. [39], Three doorways lead from the narthex into the nave,[39] which is 74 feet (23 m) high[25] and named for Hibben. In addition to the various denominational services held throughout the week, an ecumenical service is offered by the Dean and the Associate Dean of Religious Life each Sunday at 11:00 am (10:00 am during summer). [38], Inscribed on the narthex wall facing the nave is "A Prayer for Princeton",[39] which as of 2008 was still used in services at the chapel. The insurance money from the Marquand Chapel was insufficient, and fundraising for the chapel competed with an ongoing general capital campaign for the university. Included are details on upcoming lectures and speaking engagements, weekly chapel services, and other happenings. Marquand Chapel", "Ralph Adams Cram: The man, his work, and his legacy. [16], On the western end of the chapel is the narthex, which has entrances on the north, west, and south walls. The University Chapel was built in response to the devastating fire which destroyed the Marquand Chapel in 1920. [2] It was built by Matthews Construction Company,[7] which worked on several projects on Princeton's campus. The chapel is occasionally a venue for Princeton University Concerts, when the music we present is uplifted … The word 'chapel' conjures up the image of a small space for quiet reflection and prayer. …and University Chapel (1929) at Princeton University are among their finest achievements. The Chapel of St. Peter and St. Paul. The Princeton University Chapel is located on that university's main campus in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.It replaces an older chapel that burned down in 1920. The word 'chapel' conjures up the image of a small space for quiet reflection and prayer. [60] The Science window faces a window due to Willet on the north wall with scenes from Genesis, symbolizing harmony between the Christian story of the Creation and the modern means of understanding it.[2]. The foundation is poured concrete, and the superstructure is sandstone and limestone. The fire forced the trustees and president to give immediate attention to the issue of constructing a new chapel which would permit the University to maintain its religious heritage, but in a manner that recognized its public mission in an increasingly multicultural society. [31], Each of the three narthex entrances sits below a tympanum. Behind the altar are carved images of eight religious figures: four Catholic saints to the north, and four leaders of Protestantism to the south. In an ecumenical touch, the north and south are symbolically united by "The Love of Christ" in the Great East Window. May 30, 1928—The University Chapel, which replaces the destroyed Marquand Chapel, is dedicated in a Sunday morning service. [16] The project earned a New Jersey Historic Preservation Award in 2002,[17] and the stone work won the 2004 Tucker Award for Renovation and Restoration from Stone World magazine. The James Forrestal Campus is split between nearby Plainsboro and South Brunswick. History of the Service of Remembrance. Albert M. Friend, a faculty member in Princeton's Department of Art and Archaeology and an expert on medieval art, was the primary planner of the iconography, with the support and assistance of Hibben, Cram, and others. The current Dean of the Chapel is Alison Boden, who is also Dean of Religious Life at Princeton. Honoring the alumni, student and members of the Princeton University faculty and staff whose deaths were recorded by the University during the previous calendar year, the Service of Remembrance was first held in 1919 in the University's Marquand Chapel before it burned down in 1920. A downspout on the east wall features a relief of a bulldog head; a decades-old[36] myth relates that Cram placed it there to recognize Yale University, whose mascot is the bulldog. An additional door on the chapel's north side opens onto the Hibben Garden, named in recognition of John Grier Hibben's role in the chapel's construction and dedication. This is true at Opening Exercises, Baccalaureate, and annual memorial services for alumni and staff of the University. Thomas Trotter gave the re-opening recital on the restored organ in 1992. [18] At the time, two experts working on the stained glass restoration called it the largest such project that had ever been undertaken in the United States; too large for a single studio, it was divided among studios in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New York. Goodhue’s most arresting building is his… On March 13, 1960, less than six weeks after the first of the Greensboro sit-ins, Martin Luther King Jr., delivered a sermon at the chapel. Princeton University shield. Featured Events . Built when students were still required to attend Sunday services, today the chapel is the center of spiritual life on campus for many denominations, fulfilling its public mission in an increasingly multicultural society. At its founding in 1746 the College of New Jersey was first located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth and soon afterwards in a sister church in Newark. [46] The southern transept is named for Chester Alwyn Braman, the first donor to the University Chapel Fund. The doorway to the Blessed Sacrament Chapel on the north wall of the nave is topped by carvings of shields representing three Christian religious centers, Jerusalem, Rome, and Canterbury, and flanked by carvings representing the seven virtues and corresponding seven vices. [2] Other windows show Baruch Spinoza[69] and Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi;[29] both images were planned before the chapel was built.[2]. The Princeton University Chapel is the religious and ceremonial center for the University. She taught at Duke University for twenty years before coming to Princeton. Princeton, New Jersey 08544 The Princeton University Archives consists of over 15,000 linear feet of records including administration records (presidents, provosts, deans, and department records, faculty files, undergraduate and graduate alumni files); photographs and other audiovisual materials; and publications that document the history of Princeton University. In 2011, the main campus was named by Travel+Leisure as one of the most beautiful in the United States. [4][5], Ralph Adams Cram, the university's supervising architect, designed and oversaw construction of the new chapel. [42] The other door leaving the Blessed Sacrament Chapel is topped by carvings of shields representing three medieval universities, Oxford, Paris, and Salamanca, and flanked by carvings representing the seven liberal arts (the Trivium and the Quadrivium) and the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. [87], The Office of Religious Life calls the chapel the third-largest university chapel in the world. College moved to Princeton are very popular and attract thousands of travelers annually request by 's. Overseen by the end of the choir, named Milbank choir for Elizabeth Milbank Anderson [ 48 is. Engagements, weekly chapel services, and annual memorial services for alumni and staff the... 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