Exploits of the Dionysiac troops, especially Aristeus, the Kabeiri and the Korybantes. Published so far: On the references to Egypt in the poem, see D. Gigli Piccardi (1998), “Nonno e l’Egitto”, Prometheus 24, 61-82 and 161-81. Book 27 – Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : "[The Argive river] Inakhos was witness to both [Perseus and Dionysos], when the heavy bronze pikes of Mykenai resisted the ivy and deadly fennel, when Perseus sickle in hand gave way to Bakkhos with his wand, and fled before the fury of Satyroi cyring Euoi; Perseus cast a raging spear, and hit frail Ariadne unarmed instead of Lyaios the … The battle comes to a halt with the arrival of night. Charette, Allison . Book 6 Nonnus of Panopolis. Dionysus and Aeacus fight the Indians in the river, where most of them drown. The Zagreus from the Euripides fragment is suggestive of Dionysus, the wine god son of Zeus and Semele, and in fact, although it seems not to occur anywhere in Orphic sources, the name “Zagreus” is elsewhere identified with an Orphic Dionysus, who had a very different tradition from the standard one. Dionysus adopts the vine as his personal attribute and claims to be superior to the other gods, because no other plant is so beautiful and provides so much merriment to humankind. Book 31 – In his warlike paroxysm Lycurgus even attacks the sea and provokes the gods. The narrative of the battle is dominated by descriptions of carnage until the Indians are routed by a burning ship sent into their line. Rose In a dream, Eris drives Dionysus to war. Nonnus. One day he sees Artemis bathing naked in a spring and is punished for it with his transformation into a stag which is then devoured by his dogs. Dionysus sets his army in motion until they encounter the first Indian contingent, led by Astraeis. Deriades' wife (Orsiboe) and daughters (Cheirobie and Protonoe) mourn him. Ventura, CA: The Writing Shop Press, 2006, The last complete edition of the Greek text: Nonni Panopolitani Paraphrasis S. Evangelii Joannei edidit Augustinus Scheindler, accedit S. Evangelii textus et index verborum, Lipsiae in aedibus Teubneri 1881, C. De Stefani (2002), Nonno di Panopoli: Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni, Canto I, Bologna, E. Livrea (2000), Nonno di Panopoli, Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni, Canto B, Bologna, M. Caprara (2006), Nonno di Panopoli, Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni, Canto IV, Pisa, G. Agosti (2003), Nonno di Panopoli, Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni, Canto V, Firenze, R. Franchi (2013), Nonno di Panopoli. Nonnos of Panopolis in Egypt, who lived in the fifth century of our era, composed the last great epic poem of antiquity. Dionysus) throwing a serpent (i.e. They arrive in Arabia, where king Lycurgus has been stirred to fight by Hera. Cadmus on Samothrace. Dionysus buries the dead, celebrates his victory and distributes spoils. Book 13 – 2008. Zeus and Hera stay the anger of the contenders. He is known as the composer of the Dionysiaca, an epic tale of the god Dionysus, and of the Metabole, a paraphrase of the Gospel of John. Book 9 – The sea-battle begins on the arrival of Dionysus' brand-new fleet. Vian, Francis. Book 15 – Editions and translations of the Dionysiaca include: Editions and translations of the Paraphrase include: A team of (mainly Italian) scholars are now re-editing the text, book by book, with ample introductions and notes. ; W H D Rouse] -- Nonnos of Panopolis in Egypt, who lived in the fifth century of our era, composed the last great epic poem of antiquity. ", Spanoudakis, Konstantinos.  So these by the brows of western Oceanos took ship for the mansion of Helios their father. ), Bilingual Greek-French edition (with introduction to the individual books and notes): F. Vian (general ed.) He must have lived after the composition of Claudian's Greek Gigantomachy (i.e., after CE 394–397) as he appears to be familiar with that work. The Bacchic troops massacre the Indians. Book 34 – Rhea sends Ares a deceitful dream: he should abandon the battle because Hephaestus is about to seduce Aphrodite. ... DIONYSIACA BOOK 2, TRANSLATED BY W. H. D. ROUSE . After a day hunting, Nicaea drinks from a river whose waters are turned into wine, following Dionysus' earlier intervention in the first battle against the Indians. , The primary models for Nonnus are Homer and the Cyclic poets; Homeric language, metrics, episodes, and descriptive canons are central to the Dionysiaca. [Nonnus, of Panopolis. Morrheus' lovesickness becomes more acute during the night. Dionysus responds angrily to the threat and sets the river banks on fire. Shaken by lovesickness Morrheus loses interest in battle and pursues Chalcomede, who makes him think that she reciprocates his feelings. There is almost no evidence for the life of Nonnus. Dionysus rapes Aura as she sleeps; when she awakes she goes mad and slaughters shepherds and destroys a shrine of Aphrodite. Nicaea refuses even to listen to him and the boy becomes so desperate that he even asks her to kill him (a frequent line in the speeches of unrequited lovers). Confrontation of pro-Dionysiac and pro-Indian divinities in the Olympus: Athena defeats Ares, Hera defeats Artemis, Apollo confronts Poseidon, but Hermes pacifies them. His influence on the vocabulary of his successors was likewise very considerable," expressing the 19th-century attitude to this poem as a pretty, artificial, and disorganized collection of stories. It has 20,426 lines composed in Homeric dialect and dactylic hexameters , the main subject of which is the life of Dionysus , his expedition to India , and his triumphant return to the west. A complete and updated bibliography of Nonnus scholarship may be found at Hellenistic Bibliography's page at Google Sites. The poem is to be dated to the 5th century. Stylistically it is extremely uneven. Deriades exhorts his troops to attack Dionysus near the mouth of the Indus. Zeus predicts that the birth of Dionysus will change everything. – Demeter, upset by Zeus' attention goes to Astraeus, god of prophecy, who casts Persephone's horoscope which tells of her imminent rape by Zeus. Tectaphus is slain by Eurymedon (one of the Cabiri, children of Hephaestus and Cabiro). Athamas goes mad too and slaughters his son Learchos. The suggestion that the poem is incomplete misses the significance of the birth of Dionysus' one son (Iacchus) in the final Book 48, quite apart from the fact that 48 is a key number as the number of books in the Iliad and Odyssey combined. Dionysus travels to Tyre, admires the city, and hears the story of its founding from Heracles. When they are drunk they kill Icarius. Online version at … 47, 1–264). Poseidon causes an earthquake, but Hera saves him temporarily until Zeus punishes him turning him into a blind wanderer. Nonnus （ *No/nnos), a Greek poet, was a native of Panopolis in Egypt, and seems to have lived shortly before the time of Agathias (iv. Envy tells Hera of the deed and she disguises herself as an old woman the young girl trusts and tricks her into asking to see Zeus armed in full power with the lightning. Book 12 – "Nonnus and Hellenistic Poetry" in ed. Typhon is so charmed by Cadmus' song that he promises him whatever he wants in exchange for it, not understanding that Cadmus is actually singing how he is defeated by Zeus.  Shorrock's contention is that the Dionysiaca employs a variety of narrative organizational principles and viewpoints, attempts to narrate all of classical mythology through the myths of Dionysus, and uses allegory and allusion to challenge his readers to draw meaning from his unconventional epic.. Dionysus founds the city of Nicaea, as a double commemoration of the namesake nymph and of his first battle against the Indians. The Furies attack Pentheus' palace and Agave and her sisters are driven mad. Deriades drives the Bacchantes inside the city walls. Book 29 – Book 24 – Nonnus of Panopolis in context: poetry and cultural milieu in late antiquity, with a section on Nonnus and the modern world. With the twelfth, delight your heart, where Ampelos has shot up his own shape, a new flower of love, into the fruit of the vine. ‘The Dionysiaca’, an epic tale of the life and adventures of the god Dionysus, was composed by Nonnus of Panopolis and is the longest extant epic to survive antiquity. The Bacchic army starts to cross the Hydaspes using strange means of navigation. Dionysus organizes a swimming contest and allows Ampelus to win. Book 4 The army of Poseidon's sea gods and the army of Dionysus battle each other. "Icarius Jesus Christ? Dionysus abandons her and when she wakes up she realises that she has been raped. The Loeb edition contains the first English translation of the Dionysiaca.4 Rouse's version is in prose, and his name guarantees its substantial accuracy. The news of the defeat reaches the Indian people and their morale deteriorates. – Life on earth is miserable. Nonnus, Dionysiaca 5. Book 41 – The poet invokes the Muse in his second proem, saying that in emulation of Homer he will skip over the first six years of the war. The next morning Staphylus gives Dionysus splendid presents and encourages him to fight. When Typhon notices the disappearance of Cadmus and of Zeus' weapons, he attacks the cosmos with all his poisons and the help of his animals. Robert Shorrock and Francois Vian have been at the forefront of reexamining the structure of the poem. The Indians slay the Bacchantes in the city. Deriades flees. Meanwhile, Dionysus has become a teenager and lives in Lydia with a court of Satyrs. Dionysus leaves the bottom of the sea, joins his troops and prepares for battle. The Dionysiaca, a 48 book epic poem composed in ancient Greek hexameters, which takes the mythological exploits and ancestry of the god Dionysus as its inspiration, … He remained continuously important in the Byzantine world, and his influence can be found in Genesius and Planudes. Nonnus of Panopolis. Nonnus was most likely born during the fifth century A.D. in the Upper Egyptian city of Panopolis. This book describes the mythical history of the city of Beroe (Beirut). Book 21 – Delphi’s Ancient Classics series provides eReaders with the wisdom of the Classical world, with both English translations and the… Nonnus is conclusively demonstrated to have been Christian during the composition of. Harmonia willingly leaves Samothrace with Cadmus who sails with her to Greece. Nonnus' principal work is the Dionysiaca, an epic in 48 books, the longest surviving poem from antiquity at 20,426 lines, composed in Homeric dialect and dactylic hexameters, the main subject of which is the life of Dionysus, his expedition to India, and his triumphant return to the west.The poem is thought to have been written in the early 5th century. Book 47 – Hermes bids Electra give her daughter Harmonia to be Cadmus' bride without a dowry. Dionysus woos her and offers her a number of gifts, which she despises. Zeus gives Beroe's hand to Poseidon who consoles Dionysus. Dionysiaca, Book One (lines 46-85) is literary translation by Andrew Barrett. The appearance of Proteus, a shapeshifting god, in the proem serves as a metaphor for Nonnus' varied style. Enrico Livrea has proposed the identification of the poet with the Syrian bishop of Edessa of the same name. Lycurgus attacks Dionysus and the Bacchantes with a massive pole-axe. Dionysus arrives in Assyria, where the king Staphylus ("Cluster of grapes"), his wife Methe ("Drunkenness) and his son Botrys ("Grapes") entertain him in their marvelous palace in a drunken celebration. , Nonnus seems to have been an important influence for the poets of Late Antiquity, especially Musaeus, Colluthus, Christodorus, and Dracontius. Get this from a library! Hydaspes surrenders and Dionysus draws back his torch. Dionysus tricks Pentheus into spying on his mother and her sisters in their frenzy and is killed by them. Comparison of Dionysus' deeds with those of Perseus, Minos, and Heracles, concluding that Dionysus is better than the heroes. – Harmonia refuses to marry Cadmus because of his poverty, but Aphrodite takes the shape of Peisinoe, a girl of the neighbourhood, and produces a full encomium of Cadmus' beauty to convince her. Paraphrase of the Gospel of John XI, Oxford, C. Greco (2004), Nonno di Panopoli, Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni, canto XIII, Alessandria, E. Livrea (1989), Nonno di Panopoli, Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni, Canto XVIII, Napoli, D. Accorinti (1996), Nonno di Panopoli, Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni, Canto XX, Pisa, Hollis, Adrian S. 1994. Return to the main narrative: the Ganges, Deriades and the Indian people are scared by a number of Bacchic miracles. Greek and English on opposite pages Bibliography: v. 1, p. xlv-xlvii Includes index Victoria University Library has Northrop Frye's copy with his annotations Deriades returns to battle and is confronted by Dionysus who grazes him with his thyrsus and forces him to jump into the river Hydaspes, calling the war to an end. The metrics of Nonnus have been widely admired by scholars for the poet's careful handling of dactylic hexameter and innovation. Book 14 – Book 46 – Dionysus drives the women of Argos to kill their children for refusing his rites. Nonnus opposes his own Maronian poetics to Homer’s, here (using a different poetological image) implicitly assimilating the Dionysiac contents of his own oeuvre to the powerful wine given to Homer’s Odysseus by Maron of Thracian Ismarus (Hom. The epic Dionysiaca describes the life of Dionysus, his expedition to India, and his triumphant return to the west, it was written in Homeric dialect and in dactylic hexameter, and it consists of 48 books at 20,426 lines. ; W H D Rouse] -- Nonnos of Panopolis in Egypt, who lived in the fifth century of our era, composed the last great epic poem of antiquity. Morrheus wanders on his own during the night and his servant Hyssacos recognises the signs of love and comforts him. Ino marries Athamas, but Semele is reserved for Zeus, who is resenting the death of the first Dionysus (Zagreus), whom he had engendered with Persephone. Dionysiaca. On earth, Deriades harangues his troops and charges with his elephants. Andrew Barrett is a translator and musician who lives in Rochester, NY, where he is pursuing a Master of Arts in Literary Translation degree at the University of Rochester. At Hera's bidding the Titans kill Zagreus and chop him. "Nonnus and Hellenistic Poetry." The poem states as its guiding principle poikilia, diversity in narrative, form, and organization. While the earth repairs itself, Zeus promises to Cadmus the hand of Harmonia, daughter of Ares and Aphrodite, and bids him to found Thebes. Recently, however, scholars have focused more positively on Nonnus' use of mythology within the poem as a way of talking about contemporary events, as a way of playing with generic conventions, and as a way of engaging with predecessors intertextually, leading to an encouraging reassessment of his poetic and narrative style. The Bacchic army finishes crossing the river only to find that Deriades has placed his troops on the other bank of the river. He is currently translating a portion of the Dionysiaca – a lush and expansive Late Antique Ancient Greek epic composed by Nonnus of Panopolis. Book 8 –  In the Renaissance, Poliziano popularized him to the West, and Goethe admired him in the 18th century. Nonnus of Panopolis, Dionysiaca translated by William Henry Denham Rouse (1863-1950), from the Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1940. Andrew is currently working on translations of the alchemical texts of Zosimus, the fragments of Heraclitus and Nonnus' Dionysiaca. The satyr Pherespondos arrives at the court of the Indian king Deriades and gives him Dionysus' message: he should accept the cult of the vine or face him in battle. DIONYSIACA CONTENTS. Dionysus and Ampelos indulge in a series of sports contests, the god allowing the boy to win. Mythological introduction and notes by H. J. Reflections of Hesiod's poetry, especially the Catalogue of Women, of Pindar, and Callimachus can all be seen in the work of Nonnus. Parafrasi del Vangelo di S. Giovanni: canto sesto, Bologna, K. Spanoudakis (2015), Nonnus of Panopolis. Hera finds out the whereabouts of Dionysus, but Hermes reaches him before she does and transfers him to the care of Rhea.  Vian has proposed looking at the poem's encyclopedic content as paralleling the full range of the Homeric cycle poetry. The battle rages. The girl wakes up after a horrible nightmare predicting her death, consumed by the thunderbolt, and is told to sacrifice to Zeus to avert the omen. Joining them at their beautiful palace, he tells Electra of his lineage. His debt to poets whose work survives only in disjointed fragments is far harder to gauge, but it is likely that he alludes to earlier poets' treatments of the life of Dionysus, such as the lost poems by Euphorion, Peisander of Laranda's elaborate encyclopedic mythological poem, Dionysius, and Soteirichus. Chaos and destruction follow. Nonnos, Dionysiaca, with an English translation by W. H. D. Rouse. Dionysus travels through the east and is entertained by a shepherd, Brongus, in a country fashion. And this is the only English language translation currently available - itself nearly seventy years old. Hera encourages Deriades to fight and Dionysus is about to flee, but Athena stops him. 2007. p. 128), who mentions him among the recent poets.Whether he is the same person as the Nonnus whose son Soscna is recommended by Synesius to his friends Anastasius and Pylaemenes, is uncertain. Ares leaves at once. Rose, Notes on Text Criticism by L. R. Lind, 3 vols., Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge (Ma. They date Nonnus’s Dionysiaca to sometime between the last decades of the fourth century CE and the first decades of the fifth. Methe, Botrys and their servant Pithos ("Wine-jar") join the Bacchic forces. Theocritus' influence can be detected in Nonnus' focus on pastoral themes. Domenico Accorinti. Exploits and deaths of Phaleneus, Dexiochus and Clytios. Ariadne appears to Dionysus in a dream and complains that he has forgotten her. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1940-1942. Orontes plunges his sword into his own belly and throws himself into the river nearby, giving it his name (Orontes river). Themisto goes mad and kills her son. Book 10 – Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : "Not so wild his [Zeus'] desire had been for Kypris (Cypris) [Aphrodite], when craving but not attaining he scattered his seed on the ground, and shot out the hot foam of love self-sown, where in the fruitful land horned Kypros (Cyprus) flourished the two-coloured generation of wild creatures with horns (Pheres) [i.e. ‘The Dionysiaca’, an epic tale of the life and adventures of the god Dionysus, was composed by Nonnus of Panopolis and is the longest extant epic to survive antiquity. Two omens foretell Dionysus' victory, first a solar eclipse and then an eagle (i.e. Dionysus places his battalions carefully and harangues his troops. They have four daughters (Autonoe, Agaue, Ino and Semele) and a son (Polydorus). Book 35 – Book 28 – Book 22 – In anger, Zeus floods the world, causing havoc to the pastoral deities and the rivers. During a swimming contest Carpos drowns and Calamos, incapable of living without him, commits suicide. A portent tells Dionysus that Ampelus will die and become a vine. Nonnus of Panopolis (Greek: Νόννος ὁ Πανοπολίτης, Nónnos ho Panopolítēs) was a Greek epic poet of Hellenized Egypt in the Imperial Roman era. Calamos becomes the reeds of the river and Carpos the fruit of the earth. Orontes is furious and harangues his troops not to fear the effeminate Dionysus and his army of women. Book 36 – Aion, god of time, begs Zeus to ease mortal life. In the battle Oeagrus, Aeacus, and Erectheus all distinguish themselves. W.H.D. Eros makes Zeus fall in love with Semele. Book 42 – Hera deludes Astraeis to go to battle against the Bacchic troops. Nonno di Panopoli, Le Dionisiache, a cura di D. del Corno, traduzione di M. Maletta, note de F. Tissoni, 2 vols, Milano 1997. Dionysiaca. "Translation of Three Visions of Zosimus” in 3:AM Magazine, June 8 2015 “Translation of selected fragments of Heraclitus” in Volt, A Magazine of the Arts, Volume 20, Spring 2015 "Excerpts from a New Translation of Nonnus' Dionysiaca" in Aldus, a Journal of Translation, Spring 2013 Rouse. Hera prays to Gaia, who stirs her sons the Giants to fight Dionysus and they are slain. It is especially remarkable that Nonnus was so exacting with meter because the quantitative meter of classical poetry was giving way in Nonnus' time to stressed meter. He is currently translating a portion of the Dionysiaca – a lush and expansive Late Antique Ancient Greek epic composed by Nonnus of Panopolis. In the meantime, Dionysus mourns for Ampelus. Book 48 – Get this from a library! Hopkinson, N. Online text: Nonnus, Dionysiaca bks 1–14 translated by W. H. D. Rouse, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dionysiaca&oldid=987090388, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Raw OCR of Köchly's Teubner edition (1857) at the Lace collection of, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 21:13. Dionysus pursues her through the forests in love, meeting with Pan, and wooing the nymph with demonstrations of his abilities. Dionysus wrestles with the daughter of King Sithon to win her hand and then slays the king when he wins. BOOK 1. "The Bible Hellenised: Nonnus’ Paraphrase of St John's Gospel and ‘Eudocia’s’ Homeric Centos." Exploits of the Cyclopes and Korybantes. Love of Zeus & Europa Typhoeus & Cadmus. In, Matzner, Sebastian. In the meantime Hermes lets the Bacchantes out of the city. Book 25 – During his night with them he dreams that the wild king Lycurgus attacks him like a lion attacks a deer. Dionysus returns to the palace only to find his friend dead. After a series of combats and descriptions of carnage, Deriades fights one-on-one with Dionysus: Dionysus eludes him adopting different shapes, imprisons him with the tendrils of a vine and finally releases him.  While Homer has 32 varieties of hexameter lines, Nonnus only employs 9 variations, avoids elision, employs mostly weak caesurae, and follows a variety of euphonic and syllabic rules regarding word placement. Dionysus rejoins his army. Dionysus prepares the body for the funeral and makes a long lament. Hera also instructs Iris to persuade Hypnus to cause Zeus to sleep, promising him the hand of Pasithea. Book 40 – The Indians see the miracles performed by Dionysus and are tempted to surrender, but Hera deceives their leader Thureus. A Grace tells Aphrodite about Dionysus' madness and of how Morrheus is pursuing the Bacchante Chalcomede. He was also admired by Thomas Love Peacock in 19th-century England.. There he slays Ares' dragon (thus attracting the god's anger onto himself), sows its teeth, and reaps the crop of sown-men. DIONYSIACA BOOK 12, TRANSLATED BY W. H. D. ROUSE. Other than the plentiful and luxuriant imagery bestowed upon various acts of sex and violence, one of the most intriguing aspects of the Dionysiaca, for the modern reader, is Nonnus’ exploration of the nature of imaginative literature itself through a non-linear recounting of the mythology of Dionysus. He describes her birth and her maturation.  A team of Italian scholars is currently producing a full commentary of the poem, book by book, of which several parts have already been published. He was a native of Panopolis (Akhmim) in the Egyptian Thebaid and probably lived in the 5th century AD. Dionysus and Poseidon decide to fight over the girl. Book 1 His daughter Erigone, informed by a dream, finds her dead father and hangs herself, but is then made into a constellation by Zeus. Aura vies with Artemis in a beauty contest, and Artemis, in spite, has Nemesis make Dionysus fall in love with Aura and pursue her. Semele becomes pregnant with Dionysus. Dionysus is angry because Hera is delaying his victory. Hermes then gives the boy to Ino and she places him under the care of her attendant Mystis, who teaches him the rites of the mysteries. Get this from a library! The survival of the vegetation, fish and river nymphs is under threat. The gods attend to his wedding with Harmonia and enrich them with their gifts, of which the necklace given to her by Aphrodite receives particular attention. Book 30 – 611 ff (trans. Ino's household mourns for her disappearance, while his husband Athamas marries Themisto. Battle of Zeus & Typhoeus. , He is sometimes conflated with St Nonnus from the hagiographies of St Pelagia and with Nonnus, the bishop of Edessa who attended the Council of Chalcedon, both of whom seem to have been roughly contemporary, but these associations are probably mistaken.. In the meantime a mad Ino wanders in the hills until Apollo takes pity on her and restores her sanity. Nonnus, Dionysiaca 25. Its timing is a debated point: textual analysis seems to suggest that it preceded the Dionysiaca while some scholars feel it unlikely that a converted Christian would have gone on to devote so much work to the Dionysiaca’s pagan themes. Hermes receives baby Dionysus after birth and carries him to the daughters of Lamos, river nymphs, until Hera drives them mad. ", Whitby, Mary. Orontes and Dionysus engage in single combat: a tap of a vine cluster on Orontes' chest is enough to split his armour. While Zeus is distracted making love to the nymph Plouto, the monster Typhon, following orders of his mother, the Earth, steals Zeus' weapons (the thunderbolts) and tries to dominate the world causing chaos and destruction wherever he goes. Book 45 – Book 7 The edition of Nonnus in the Loeb Classical Library includes a "mythological introduction" which charts the "decline" of Dionysiac mythology in the poem and implies that the work's only value is as a repository of lost mythology.
Birth Center Roseville Ca, Teak Flooring For Boats, How Does Delonghi Comfort Temp Work, Worcestershire Sauce Price In Pakistan, I Took Oil Of Oregano While Pregnant, Wild Garlic Uses, Entenmann's Soft Ees Plain Donuts 12 Count, Brownie Mix Cookies, Best Ip Camera App For Android 2020, Black German Shepherd Puppy For Sale, List Of Mechanical Contractors,