The offspring born from such inter-species copulation is usually fertile. A distinguishing feature in both sexes is the tail, which is long and similar to that of a horse. Also known as the white-tailed gnu, the black wildebeest is a really cool animal that I would like to write about today. Black Wildebeest. There are two species of wildebeest, the black wildebeest, and the far more common blue wildebeest. The black wildebeest, on the other hand, has a smaller, cow-like head and long, bent horns. There’s an estimated 18,000 black wildebeest. During cool weather, Black wildebeests lay down to rest, but in hotter conditions, they rest while standing up. Males are darker than females. They will repeat this behavior if further approached. They have also been introduced to Namibia. INTRODUCTION . The Wildebeest belongs to the animals known as antelope. Wildebeest females give birth to a single calf in the middle of the herd, not seeking a secluded place, as do many antelopes. Black wildebeests have scent glands that secrete a glutinous substance in front of the eyes, under the hair tufts, and on the forefeet. Thank you for this post on the white-tailed gnu! Its long tail with white fur, which resembled that of a horse, distinguishes it from other wildebeest, though it also has other tufts on other parts of its body: on its beard, forehead and between its hind legs. Black Wildebeest Hunting in South Africa. The breeding season occurs at the end of the rainy season and lasts a few weeks between February and April. The black wildebeest … Top 10 Facts about the Great Wildebeest Migration. Mature bulls set up their own territories through which female herds often pass. Wildebeest can reach 80 km/h (50 mph) and are one of the fastest antelope species in Africa.. Black Wildebeest on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_wildebeest, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/5228/50184962. They are preyed upon by carnivores like lion,leopard,hyena and crocodile. These beautiful bovid may not be an endangered species, but humans should choose not to take any of these magnificent creatures for granted. There are two species of these magnificent animals — the black wildebeest, and the more common blue wildebeest. The black wildebeest has brown-coloured hair, with a mane that ranges in colour from cream to black, and a cream-coloured tail. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are increasing. The horns have a broad base in mature males and are flattened to form a protective shield. They prefer short grasses, but also feed on other herbs and shrubs, especially when grass is scarce. In females, the horns are both shorter and narrower. Interesting Wildebeest Facts. At one stage, the black wildebeest was extinct in the wild, with only a few hundred remaining in private farms in South Africa. Black wildebeests are native to southern Africa. Each bull has a patch of ground in the center of his territory in which he regularly drops dung, and performs displays. 2. They can be between 4 and 5 feet tall and weigh as much as 600 pounds. Males typically weigh 140 to 157 kg (309 to 346 lb) and females 110 to 122 kg (243 to 269 lb). Black wildebeests were first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. Black wildebeests inhabit open plains, grasslands, and Karoo shrublands in both steep mountainous regions and lower undulating hills. The herds of Black wildebeests graze either in line or in loose groups and usually walk in single file when moving about. Wildebeest Facts and Information Introduction to Wildebeest. In some areas, the blue wildebeest migrates over long distances in the winter, whereas the black wildebeest does not.. The Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) is a large African ungulate featured in the Standard Edition of Planet Zoo.. Zoopedia Description General. Black wildebeests are mainly active during the early morning and late afternoon, preferring to rest during the hottest part of the day. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. They have much larger and heavier horns than the common wildebeest, measuring up to 78 cm long. Males reach reproductive maturity at the age of 3 years but may mature at a younger age in captivity. This is a black wildebeest showing off his large horns and distinctive white tail. You are surrounded, enveloped by a sea of horns and snouts. These territories are maintained throughout the year. Black wildebeest have been found to frequently hybridize with its Blue relative. More fascinating facts about the Black Wildebeest. Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). The black wildebeest or otherwise known as the white tailed gnu has a long white, horse-like tail. The males weigh more than the females. Consequently, they play an essential role in the ecosystem. During this ritual or afterwards, the two can toss their horns at each other, circle one another, or even look away. Amazingly, about 80 percent of the females calve within the same 2- to 3- week period, creating a glut for predators and thus enabling more calves to survive the crucial first few weeks. Change ), Enter your email address if you want to learn more about animals, 5 Interesting Facts About Black Wildebeest, 5 Interesting Facts About Australasian Gannets, 5 Interesting Facts About Short-Beaked Echidnas, 5 Interesting Facts About Anatolian Newts, 5 Interesting Facts About Sydney Funnel-Web Spiders, 5 Interesting Facts About Luzon Bleeding-Hearts, 5 Interesting Facts About Dwarf Sperm Whales, 5 Interesting Facts About Egyptian Spiny-Tailed Lizards, 5 Interesting Facts About Golden Parakeets. Black wildebeest are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller in size and more slender than males. While the common name for this animal is the Blue Wildebeest, its scientific name is Connochaetes taurinus. found in large herds in Kruger National Park. Wildebeests’ calves can stand and run within minutes of being born. Black Wildebeest . The common name of this species "gnu" is said to have originated from the Hottentot name t'gnu, which refers to the repeated calls of "ge-nu" made by the male during the mating season. Then begins the fight. Now they have been returned to their former range in Swaziland and Lesotho. They stay with their mother until her next calf is born a year later. Despite their size, the black wildebeest is a very… They are able to stand and run shortly after birth. The black wildebeest, also called the white-tailed gnu, weighs 242 to 346 lbs. Wildebeest facts Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) crossing a river during the Great Migration Wildebeest, also known as gnu, are large muscular antelopes that weigh 120-300kg. All wildebeests have short hair covering their bodies, with black vertical stripes of longer hair on their back. When a person approaches a herd to within a few hundred meters, wildebeests snort and run a short distance before stopping and looking back. There are two species, black wildebeests and blue wildebeests. Females in labour do not move away from the female herd and repeatedly lie down and get up again. The front end of their body is heavily built, while the hindquarters are slender with spindly legs. They are often accompanied by Cattle egrets, which pick out and consume the insects hidden in their coats or disturbed by their movements. Another name for the wildebeest is gnu (pronounced “new”). It has now been reintroduced to them and also introduced to Namibia. Also known as the gnu, the wildebeest is a member of the antelope family. Fun Fact. They are gregarious animals and occur in three distinct groups, the female herds consisting of adult females and their young, the bachelor herds consisting only of yearlings and older males, and territorial bulls. Black wildebeest calves are born with shaggy, fawn-coloured fur. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Both sexes have horns. Calves are born with shaggy, fawn-colored fur. The crocodiles attack old, sick and young black wildebeest when they drink water, they drag them into the water and pull them underneath until they drown. Their beard is much shorter and black in contrast to their white tail. The blue gnu, also called common wildebeest, has dark vertical stripes on the shoulders and back. All information appearing on this site has been precisely and thoroughly researched, nevertheless should you notice any errors, please do notify us via email. Wildebeest are antelopes and belong to the bovidae family […] When Jarman compared these African ungulates, he found that body size, typical habitat, group size, … November and December sees the annual wildebeest migra | Travel and Tours Southern Africa Their mane combines both colors; white at the base and tipped with black at the ends. ( Log Out / Black Wildebeest have a dark brown to black body, an erect mane and a long whitish tail. They can go several days without drinking water if necessary. They are now no longer in danger of extinction. Fun wildebeest facts. Who is the black wildebeest? Calves are fed by their mother for 6-8 months and begin nibbling on grass blades at 4 weeks. What are wildebeest? Today the main threats to these animals are hybridization with the Blue wildebeest, which can happen where the two species live on fenced land; and loss of genetic diversity as Black wildebeests live in isolated fenced areas. Wildebeest are large African antelopes and belong to the Bovidae family. Black wildebeests are herbivores. These include urinating, scraping, pawing, rolling on the ground and thumping it with his horns, demonstrating his prowess to other bulls. Wildebeest Blue & Black or African Gnu Facts Blue and Black Wildebeest common African antelope. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Both sexes have strong horns that curve forward, resembling hooks. Other articles where Black wildebeest is discussed: animal behaviour: Adaptive design: Others, such as the black wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), form enormous herds. Population. The different subspecies of the wildebeest vary in color, ranging from slate gray to dark brown, with males darker than females. Wildebeest Top Facts. The head-and-body length is typically between 170 and 220 cm (67 and 87 in). Fun Fact # 2: There are Two Species of Wildebeest. Black Wildebeests are herbivores who feed on bushes, leaves, shrubs, flowers, stems, and wood. Gnus are the largest of all antelopes. SIZE: Shoulder height (m) 1,2 m; (f) 1 m, mass (m) 180 kg, (f) 160 kg. Preferentially eating shorter grasses, the black wildebeest will orient itself to avoid more mature, and therefore longer, grasses. Its soft fur is of a dark brown colour. But the wildebeest is one of the few African residents that has increased in numbers since the 1960's, and the fact is, many live remarkably long lives on the plains, sometimes reaching 20 years of age. Wildebeest are strange-looking creatures that look like thin, muscular cows. There are two species – blue and black. In fact, the wildebeest is better described as a reliable source of food for the truly menacing predators of the African savanna: lions, cheetahs, wild dogs, and hyenas. Both the sexes of Black and Blue Wildebeest can often be seen mating with each other if they are living in the same area. The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. Their historical range included South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho, but in the latter two countries, it was hunted to extinction in the 19th century. An encounter between two bulls involves elaborate rituals. The word wildebeest comes from the Afrikaans language and translates to wild beast. Threat displays such as shaking the head may also take place. Here are five interesting facts about them: I hope that you found these facts interesting and learned something new. Blue wildebeests weigh 260 to 595 lbs. Black wildebeests have bushy and dark-tipped manes that stick up from the back of the neck. These odd looking antelope were almost exterminated by white settlers, who viewed them as pests, and also valued their tails which were used as fly swats. Wildebeest can run as fast as 50mph; The two main species are blue wildebeest and black wildebeest; Two million wildebeest migrate every year; wildebeest mate in groups of 150; Wildebeest Scientific Name. ( Log Out / Black wildebeests are polygynous; a dominant male has a harem of females and will not allow other males to mate with them. The head of the black wildebeest is large and boxy, and the face, throat and chest are covered in bristly tufts of long, black hair. The herds of Black wildebeests are often migratory or nomadic, otherwise, they may have regular home ranges of 1 sq.km. ( Log Out / Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Newborn calves have a tawny, shaggy coat and weigh about 11 kg (24 lb). One of these is a metallic snort or an echoing "hick", that can be heard up to 1.5 km (1 mi) away. The front end of the black wildebeest’s body is heavily built, and the shoulders are higher than the hindquarters. Are there any other interesting facts that you would like to share about the black wildebeest? They have a gray coat and a black mane as well as a beard that can be black or white. There are 2 species of wildebeest which are the Black Wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) and the Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), both are native to Africa. The body of a wildebeest appears disproportionate, with a hefty front, slim hindquarters, and spindly legs. For more videos about wildlife please subscribe :) Royalty free content brought from pond5.com and/or bigstockphoto.com The gestation period lasts for about 8.5 months, after which a single calf is born. Black Wildebeest or White-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) Diet They are primarily a grazer, in order of preference selecting for predominantly grass, and occasionally karroid shrubs and herbs. Males and females have similar horns, with bulbous bases which almost meet at the crown, curved down and forward. They serve as important prey for large predators such as lions, cheetahs, and hyenas. Wildebeest Facts - Facts About Wildebeests During migration, wildebeests travel between 500 and 1000 miles. Both sexes have heavy, forward curving horns. Despite their size, the black wildebeest is a very fast runner so that they can escape from their main predators. These large antelopes can grow to up to 220 cm long and weigh up to 180 kg. Black wildebeest are grazers and they play a huge role in grazing the grasslands, thereby controlling grass growth. Black wildebeests were almost completely exterminated in the 19th century, due to their reputation as pests and the value of their hides and meat. They have a large, box-like head with curving horns. Males reach about 111 to 121 cm (44 to 48 in) at the shoulder, while females reach 106 to 116 cm (42 to 46 in). Thank you for listening. Size and Appearance. Here are five interesting facts about them: These large antelopes can grow to up to 220 cm long and weigh up to 180 kg. Black wildebeests are characterized by their white, long, horse-like tail. Basic facts about Black Wildebeest: lifespan, distribution and habitat map, lifestyle and social behavior, mating habits, diet and nutrition, population size and status. (118 to 270 kilograms) and are about 4 feet (123 centimeters) in length, according to the University of Michigan's Animal Diversity Web (ADW). Females are ready to breed as yearlings or as 2-year-olds. Its bright-white colour gives this anim… These animals communicate with each other using pheromones detected by flehmen and several forms of vocal communication. The black wildebeest’s mane stands erect and is more brush-like than the blue. Blue Wildebeest - Photo: AndreAnita/Shutterstock Pupils are welcome to use this information at school for animal profiles, fact sheets, essays, work sheets, presentations, posters or homework. The blue wildebeest lives in a wide variety of habitats, including woodlands and grasslands, while the black wildebeest tends to reside exclusively in open grassland areas. ( Log Out / Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The Serengeti wildebeest migration is a truly spectacular event. The calves can stand up and run almost immediately after birth and have short straight horns that curve as they grow older. During the breeding season, only a few males control sexual access to a group of females in a polygynous mating system. Your black wildebeest trophy should have an average shoulder height of around 45 inches, weigh about 350 pounds and have a horn length of approximately 20 inches.The Safari Club International score for a black wildebeest is 72.This is measured by adding the length of each horn as well as the circumference of the bases. Also known as the white-tailed gnu, the black wildebeest is a really cool animal that I would like to write about today. They are very fast, agile, and powerful. Appearance. This is an adaptation to avoid predation from lions, hyenas, leopards, cheetahs, and jackals. It’s all hooves and dust and stampeding life everywhere you look, as far as the eye can see. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Black wildebeests is more than 18,000 individuals (with over 11,000 individuals in their natural range and over 7,000 individuals on farmlands in Namibia). They also have a dark brown to black coat and long, dark-colored hair between their forelegs and under their belly. Facts about the Black Wildebeest -- Connochaetes gnou: A summary of most interesting statistics (size, gestation...), amazing environmental adaptations & fascinating facts about social habits, etc.