Imagery includes figurative and metaphorical language to improve the reader’s experience through their senses. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. Drama has two very different meanings. Test. "Analogy Examples and Definition - Literary Devices", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_literary_terms&oldid=965125157, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 June 2020, at 15:13. 22 people found this helpful. Thus many terms referring to death, sex, crime, and excremental functions are euphemisms. Any kind of literary device or any specific example can be a trope. First published fifty years ago, A … It’s the opposite of comedy, which is just for laughs. A genre is a category of literature identified by form, content, and style. Epistrophe is also known as epiphora and antistrophe. Epistrophe is when a certain phrase or word is repeated at the end of sentences or clauses that follow each other. A synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word. An autobiography is a self-written life story. Doppelganger is a twin or double of some character, usually in the form of an evil twin. Antithesis literally means “opposite” – it is usually the opposite of a statement, concept, or idea. Edwin Barton & G. A. Hudson. Tone refers to the “feel” of a piece of writing. First published fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential text for all serious students of literature. An apologue is a short story or fable which provides a simple moral lesson. A story can have only one character (protagonist) and still be a complete story. Poetry is a type of literature based on the interplay of words and rhythm. Narrator Storyteller. Glossary of Literary Terms A. Abstract: Used as a noun, the term refers to a short summary or outline of a longer work. School and be schooled. So, the point is to call attention to the qualities of the word, suggesting that how it is being used is not a good example of the word. Glossary of Literary Terms. Drama refers only to film and television, not novels or other purely written art forms. The key here is that folklore has no author – it just emerges from the culture and is carried forward by constant retelling. A symbol is any image or thing that stands for something else. For a more complete glossary of terms relating to poetry in particular, see Glossary of poetry terms. Zeugma is when you use a word in a sentence once, while conveying two different meanings at the same time. The plot is the story, and more specifically, how the story develops, unfolds, and moves in time. Limericks are almost always used for comedy, and it’s usually pretty rude comedy at that – they deal with bodily functions, etc., and could be considered “toilet humor.”. Glossary of Literary Terms. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Chris Baldick. Abrams, Geoffrey Harpham. Check out our free literature glossary, with hundreds of literary terms written in easy-to-understand language and boatloads of examples. Match. Many literary critics are of the opinion that archetypes, which have a common and recurring representation in a particular human culture or entire human race, shape the structure and function of a literary work. They sometimes impersonate a main character or cause confusion among the love interests. Folklore refers to the tales people tell – folk stories, fairy tales, “tall tales,” and even urban legends. In literature, aporia is an expression of insincere doubt. Unlike a simile or a metaphor, an analogy is not a figure of speech, though the three are often quite similar. Sarcasm. Hyperbaton is a figure of speech in which the typical, natural order of words is changed as certain words are moved out of order. It’s any or all of the stylistic qualities of the writing, such as formality, dialect, and atmosphere. Glossary of Literary Terms: Poetry How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide 10:26 How to Answer Multiple Choice Questions About Literature: Test-Taking Strategies 12:20 Glossary of Literary Terms. Polyptoton is the repetition of a root word in a variety of ways, such as the words “enjoy” and “enjoyable.” Polyptoton is a unique form of wordplay that provides the sentence with repetition in sound and rhythm. Also called “ action- adventure,” action is a genre of film, TV, literature, etc., in which the … This repetition emphasizes the phrase while adding rhythm to the passage, making it more memorable and enjoyable to read. AA# - Altered assembly number (AA#) is the part number for a motherboard and all its attached components. In literature, a fable (pronounced fey-buh l) is a short fictional story that has a moral or teaches a lesson. It’s what sets one author apart from another and creates the “voice” that audiences hear when they read. A metonym is typically a part of a larger whole, for example, when we say “wheels,” we are figuratively referring to a “car” and not literally only the wheels. Circumlocution means “talking around” or “talking in circles.” It’s when you want to discuss something, but don’t want to make any direct reference to it, so you create a way to get around the subject. A maxim is a brief statement that contains a little piece of wisdom or a general rule of behavior. Words in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to other articles in the book. "A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory." Very, very useful as a glossary of literary terms, as the book is named. Pastiche is a creative work that imitates another author or genre. Quite simply, repetition is the repeating of a word or phrase. In other words, figures of speeches rely on implied or suggested meaning, rather than a dictionary definition. Epitaphs can be poetic, sometimes written by poets or authors themselves before dying. Glossary of Literary Terms. Literary studies are always on the move. Verisimilitude simply means ‘the quality of resembling reality’ and a work of art, or any part of a work of art, has verisimilitude if it seems believably realistic. Parallelism, also known as parallel structure, is when phrases in a sentence have similar or the same grammatical structure. A soliloquy is a kind of monologue, or an extended speech by one character. Context can be thought of as the physical or notional circumstances surrounding a word, phrase, or idea. A glossary of literary terms for use by students and teachers as well as Lit Genius editors. An adage is a brief piece of wisdom in the form of short, philosophical, and memorable sayings. A synecdoche is figure of speech which allows a part of something to stand for a whole, or the whole to stand for a part. Perhaps the simplest and most common rebus in use today is “IOU” for “I owe you.”. Alliteration: the repetition at close intervals of consonant sounds for a purpose. An enthymeme is a kind of syllogism, or logical deduction, in which one of the premises is unstated. The best-selling Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (formerly the Concise dictionary) provides clear, concise, and often witty definitions of the most troublesome literary terms from abjection to zeugma. Glossary of Literary Terms. Prose is just non-verse writing. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. An essay is a form of writing in paragraph form that uses informal language, although it can be written formally. This is a reprint from The Essentials of Literature in English Post-1914. A fairy tale is a story, often intended for children, that features fanciful and wondrous characters such as elves, goblins, wizards, and even, but not necessarily, fairies. Denotation is a word’ or thing’s “dictionary defintion”, i.e. Abstract Expressionism. Caesura refers to a break or pause in the middle of a line of verse. STUDY. This is longer than most glossaries, because I have included examples of each term. A sonnet is a fourteen line poem with a fixed rhyme scheme. Buy Glossary of Literary Terms 10th edition by Harpham, Geoffrey Galt, Abrams, M. H. (ISBN: 9780495906599) from Amazon's Book Store. A thriller is a genre of literature, film, and television whose primary feature is that it induces strong feelings of excitement, anxiety, tension, suspense, fear, and other similar emotions in its readers or viewers—in other words, media that thrills the audience. Personification is a kind of metaphor in which you describe an inanimate object, abstract thing, or non-human animal in human terms. Essential literary terms and literary elements for English teachers. The term can be used as a noun or an adjective. Aphorismus is a term in which the speaker questions whether a word is being used correctly to show disagreement. A narrative is a story. Fables use humanized animals, objects, or parts of nature as main characters, and are therefore considered to be a sub-genre of fantasy. Recommended. TalkTalk Dictionary of Difficult Words - telestich. An anecdote is a very short story that is significant to the topic at hand; usually adding personal knowledge or experience to the topic. Bathos is text that abruptly turns from serious and poetic, to regular and silly. Know your literary terms. Style is the way in which an author writes and/or tells a story. Etymology investigates and documents the lives (mainly the origins) of words. In literary studies, this combination of words with rough or unharmonious sounds are used for a noisy or jarring poetic effect. It often employs rhyme and meter (a set of rules governing the number and arrangement of syllables in each line). A glossary of literary terms for use by students and teachers as well as Lit Genius editors. Also, adventures usually includes dangerous situations, narrow escapes, problems to be solved through intelligence and skill, exotic people and places, and brave deeds. It’s any story element that appears again and again in stories from cultures around the world and symbolizes something universal in the human experience. A Glossary of Literary Terms 10th Edition By M. H. Abrams & Geoffrey Galt Harpham. An argument is a work of persuasion. Don’t be an oxymoron. A glossary of literary terms by M. H. Abrams, unknown edition, Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.Other projects include the Wayback Machine, archive.org and archive-it.org The key to circumlocution is that the statement has to be unnecessarily long and complicated. For a more complete glossary of terms relating to poetry in particular, see Glossary of poetry terms. It’s just the opponent of the main character, or someone who gets in their way. A Glossary of Literary Gothic Terms Ancestral Curse Evil, misfortune, or harm that comes as a response to or retribution for deeds or misdeeds committed against or by one's ancestor(s). Helpful. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1998. Setting is the time and place (or when and where) of the story. Glossary of Literary Terms. Peripeteia is a sudden change in a story which results in a negative reversal of circumstances. A motif is a symbolic image or idea that appears frequently in a story. Literary Devices and Terms. The most famous allegory in English is John Bunyan’s . A synopsis is a brief summary that gives audiences an idea of what a composition is about. Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. For writers, strong device usage can elevate prose from meager to magnificent. A verisimilitudinous story has details, subjects, and characters that seem similar or true to real life. Theme is the central idea, topic, or point of a story, essay, or narrative. Diacope is when a writer repeats a word or phrase with one or more words in between. Sören Fröhlich. its literal meaning. A Glossary of Contemporary Literary Theoryoffers a clear and comprehensive guide to key literary theory terms.Now in its fourth edition, this text is a standard in the field and isan essential reference.The Glossary has been thoroughly revised and expanded to include over 70 important new terms and usages from this quickly evolving field. M.H. Ross, in turn, added some additional examples. A dog’s bark sounds like “woof,” so “woof” is an example of onomatopoeia. Utopia is a paradise. A. Hamartia is the tragic flaw or error that reverses a protagonist’s fortune from good to bad. It comes from the Greek words anthropo (human) and morph (form). Oxford Univ. Choose from 500 different sets of glossary of literary terms flashcards on Quizlet. Press, 2001. Litotes is an understatement in which a positive statement is expressed by negating its opposite. In the strictest academic terms, a romance is a narrative genre in literature that involves a mysterious, adventurous, or spiritual a story line where the focus is on a quest that involves bravery and strong values, not a love interest. Protagonist is just another word for “main character.” The story circles around this character’s experiences, and the audience is invited to see the world from his or her perspective. It may also include the environment of the story, which can be made up of the physical location, climate, weather, or social and cultural surroundings. In poetry, a stanza is a dividing and organizing technique which places a group of lines in a poem together, separated from other groups of lines by line spacing or indentation. ISBN 1-4130-0456-3. A common and persistent example of diacope is Hamlet’s “To be, or not to be!”. Since the euphemism is often chosen to disguise something horrifying, it can be exploited by the satirist through the use of irony and exaggeration. It is the way you present and make your views convincing or attractive to your audience. An allegory generally teaches a lesson by means of an interesting story. Accentual Verse: Verse in which the metredepends upon counting a fixed number of stresses (which are also known as 'accents') in a line, but which does not take account of unstressed syllables. A figure of speech is a word or phrase using figurative language—language that has other meaning than its normal definition. Often, sonnets use iambic pentameter: five sets of unstressed syllables followed by stressed syllables for a ten-syllable line. Also called “action-adventure,” action is a genre of film, TV, literature, etc., in which the primary feature is the constant slam-bang of fights, chases, explosions, and clever one-liners. A Glossary of Literary Terms, now in its 8th edition, is written in a lucid style, and is a must buy for anyone who wants to expand their literary horizons. Cuddon, J. A character’s nemesis isn’t just any ordinary enemy, though – the nemesis is the ultimate enemy, the arch-foe that overshadows all the others in power or importance. It’s when the writer or speaker pretends, briefly, not to know a key piece of information or not to understand a key connection. ALLEGORY. When you give credit to the original author (by giving the person’s name, name of the article, and where it was posted or printed), you are citing the source. Motifs can be symbols, sounds, actions, ideas, or words. It includes sharp comebacks, clever banter, and dry, one-line jokes. Consult and contribute. It is different from a biography, which is the life story of a person written by someone else. It is a common rhetorical device used to add emphasis and stress in writing and speech. Wit is a biting or insightful kind of humor. Cacophony is considered the opposite of euphony which is the use of beautiful, melodious-sounding words. To find a literary word or phrase, always look it up in the Index of Terms at the end of this volume; the oute edger s of this Index are stained black. You use it to convince others to agree with your claim or viewpoint when they have doubts or disagree. It’s a trick used by storytellers to keep the reader guessing about what’s really going on. In alliteration, words that begin with the same sound are placed close together. Antonomasia can range from lighthearted nicknames to epic names. A major division within a play, similar to a chapter in a chapter book. Comedy is a broad genre of film, television, and literature in which the goal is to make an audience laugh. Recommended. Abrams, Geoffrey Harpham. A rhetorical device is any way of using language that helps an author or speaker achieve a particular purpose. Aposiopesis is when a sentence is purposefully left incomplete or cut off. M.H. GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS. In a narrative or creative writing, a plot is the sequence of events that make up a story, whether it”s told, written, filmed, or sung. Meter A term used to describe the rhythm and measure of a line of poetry. An allegory is a story within a story. It provides an overview of the storyline or main points and other defining factors of the work, which may include style, genre, persons or characters of note, setting, and so on. First published over fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential resource for all serious students of literature. A pun is a joke based on the interplay of homophones — words with the same pronunciation but different meanings. Hyperbole is a figure of speech in which an author or speaker purposely and obviously exaggerates to an extreme. A mnemonic, also known as a memory aid, is a tool that helps you remember an idea or phrase with a pattern of letters, numbers, or relatable associations. The combination of these contradicting elements serves to reveal a paradox, confuse, or give the reader a laugh. Asyndeton is also known as asyndetism. Allegory. allusion. Glossary of Poetic Terms By Nasrullah Mambrol on September 20, 2020 • ( 0). But it has another special meaning in literary studies, where it refers to the voice of a particular kind of character—the character who is also the narrator within a literary work written from the first-person point of view. Metonymy A form of metaphor in which a phrase is understood to represent something more; for example, to use the phrase “sabre rattling” to mean “threatening war.”. Comment Report abuse. That is, you say one thing, and then you say something very similar, but flipped around. 0 Reviews. A haiku is a specific type of Japanese poem which has 17 syllables divided into three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Many of these brief definitions link to a longer page including a more detailed definition, example poems, related essays, and other resources. This can mean magic, the supernatural, alternate worlds, superheroes, monsters, fairies, magical creatures, mythological heroes—essentially, anything that an author can imagine outside of reality. Peripeteia is also known as the turning point, the place in which the tragic protagonist’s fortune changes from good to bad. A self-fulfilling prophecy is a prediction that somehow causes itself to come true. A proverb is a short saying or piece of folk wisdom that emerges from the general culture rather than being written by a single, individual author. An Epithet is a glorified nickname. Accentual-Syllabic Verse: The normal system of verse composition in England since the fourteen century, in which the metre depends upon counting both the number of stresses and the total number of syllables in any give line. Assonance: Repetition of a vowel sound in a line of poetry, as in the following example from Poe’s “The Raven”: “The silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain.” Autobiography: An author’s account or story of his/her own life. Imagery is language used to create images in the mind of the reader. Select A Tag General Novel Plot Narration Characters Poetry Drama Genre Movements Figurative Language Rhetorical. This glossary of 50 terms will provide an excellent understanding of key concepts to improving reading and writing skills. A connotation is a common feeling or association that a word has, in addition to its literal meaning (the denotation). An archetype (ARK-uh-type) is an idea, symbol, pattern, or character-type, in a story. Comment Report abuse. It’s when a writer or speaker deliberately goes back and modifies a statement that they just made, usually either to strengthen it or soften it in some way. Cliffhanger. In a story, the antagonist is the opposite of the protagonist, or main character. Learn glossary of literary terms with free interactive flashcards. Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 1998. A Glossary of Literary Terms. Most often, we use these terms without understanding the rules of usage behind them. Example: In his Gothified anti-Catholic tragedy, Coligny, Baculard d'Arnaud anticipated the fiendish Catholicism of the English horror novel of the late 1790s by mounting a morbid pageant of Catholic maliciousness and Protestant suffering that featured malicious Trappist fathers, "Corridors, labyrinthes, et caveaux de châteaux," and other prime examples of Gothic scenery and atmosphere. • The terms are organized in groups within each achievement level: (1) general terms, (2) terms that relate to narrative genres, (3) terms that relate to poetic genres, (4) terms that relate to dramatic genres, (5) rhetorical figures, and (6) literary historical terms. In this sense, idiom is pretty much synonymous with “figure of speech,” though with a slightly narrower definition: an idiom is part of the language. A euphemism is a polite, mild phrase that we substitute for a harsher, blunter way of saying something uncomfortable. Action. Homophone is when two or more words have the same sound, but different meanings. The formal definition of satire is “the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices.” It’s an extremely broad category. It’s related to our concept of “apology,” but in many cases it’s the precise opposite of an apology! The term lingo is relatively vague—it can mean any type of nonstandard language, and varies between professions, age groups, sexes, nationalities, ethnicities, location, and so on. Whereas many poems end lines with the natural pause at the end of a phrase or with punctuation as end-stopped lines, enjambment ends a line in the middle of a phrase, allowing it to continue onto the next line as an enjambed line. In literature, it’s frequently used to reference cultural works (e.g. You’re saying the opposite of what you mean (verbal irony) and doing it in a particularly hostile tone. First published over fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential resource for all serious students of literature. A pleonasm can either be a mistake or a tool for emphasis. Foreshadowing gives the audience hints or signs about the future. First published over fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential resource for all serious students of literature. Consonance is when the same consonant sound appears repeatedly in a line or sentence, creating a rhythmic effect. Fantasy, from the Greek ϕαντασία meaning ‘making visible,’ is a genre of fiction that concentrates on imaginary elements (the fantastic). Often, climax is also when the main problem of the story is faced and solved by the main character or protagonist. Consult and contribute. It is often cynical or insulting, which is what provides it with its characteristic sharpness. As an adjective applied to... B. Ballad: A short poem that tells a simple story and has a repeated refrain. In a soliloquy, though, the speech is not given to another character, and there is no one around to hear it. The characters may try to prevent their fate, but in the end their actions simply cause that fate to come about. AC '97 - Audio Codec '97 (AC '97) is a specification for a high quality, 16-bit or 20-bit audio architecture used in many desktop systems. The majority of Germanic poetry (including Old English) is of this type. Often, a series of words can have the same basic definitions, but completely different connotations—these are the emotions or meanings implied by a word, phrase, or thing. A., and Claire Preston. Action stories typically do not explore complex relationships between human beings or the subtleties of psychology and philosophy. Preview. When employed properly, the different literary devices help readers to appreciate, interpret and analyze a literary work. But it also has a narrower definition, called the dialogue form. Read more. ... in terms of social class. Formatting changes have already been introduced, and some full glossary entries have been entered. The pair is written with similar grammatical structures to show more contrast. It’s an extremely broad term that covers any number of different types of situations, from moral dilemmas to riddles. Start studying Glossary of Literary Terms. by alluding to a Bible story or Greek myth). A Glossary of Rhetorical Terms with Examples. Many literary critics are of the opinion that archetypes, which have a common and recurring representation in a particular human culture or entire human race, shape the structure and function of a literary work. Glossary of Common Literary Terms Allegory: an allegory is a narrative in which the characters often stand for abstract concepts. Climax is the highest point of tension or drama in a narrative’s plot. In the loose definition, an ode is any work of art or literature that expresses high praise. Kairos in Ancient Greek meant “time” – but it wasn’t just any time. An extended metaphor is a metaphor that is developed in some detail by being used in more than one phrase, from a sentence or a paragraph, to encompassing an entire work. Mnemonic devices include special rhymes and poems, acronyms, images, songs, outlines, and other tools. Created: Nov 27, 2012 | Updated: Jul 6, 2016. When employed properly, the different literary devices help readers to appreciate, interpret and analyze a literary work. It exists in every culture on earth (though the specifics of comedy can be very different from one culture to another), and has always been an extremely popular genre of storytelling. It has a “surface story” and another story hidden underneath. First published fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential text for all serious students of literature. The term “fairy” tale seems to refer more to the fantastic and magical setting or magical influences within a story, rather than the presence of the character of a fairy within that story. Surrealism is a literary and artistic movement in which the goal is to create something bizarre and disjointed, but still somehow understandable. A prologue is a short introductory section that gives background information or sets the stage for the story to come. An apologia is a defense of one’s conduct or opinions. Figures largely in the "first" gothic romance, Walpole's Castle of Otranto. Understatement is when a writer presents a situation or thing as if it is less important or serious than it is in reality. This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies. Irony is when there are two contradicting meanings of the same situation, event, image, sentence, phrase, or story. It’s caused by an inability or unwillingness to continue speaking. Writers use characters to perform the actions and speak dialogue, moving the story along a plot line. Cosmic irony: See IRONY. repetition of a root word in a variety of ways. Essays may be written in first-person point of view (I, ours, mine), but third-person (people, he, she) is preferable in most academic essays. Asyndeton is skipping one or more conjunctions (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) which are usually used in a series of phrases. Unlike similes, metaphors do not use words such as “like” or “as” to make comparisons. ISBN 0-19-860883-7. It’s an extremely important quality of formal writing. An oxymoron is a figure of speech that puts together opposite elements.
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